Tajik Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Tajik. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Tajik.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Tajik conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Tajik
Pronunciation
I speak English
ман англисиро медонам
[man anhlisiro miedonam]
you speak French
ту фаронсавиро медони
[tuju faronsaviro miedoni]
he speaks German
ӯ олмониро медонад
[ū olmoniro miedonad]
she speaks Italian
ӯ итолиёвиро медонад
[ū itolijeviro miedonad]
we speak Arabic
мо арабиро медонем
[mo arabiro miedoniem]
they speak Chinese
онҳо чиниро медонанд
[onҳo činiro miedonand]

The past tense in Tajik conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Tajik
Pronunciation
I visited France
ман дар Фаронса зиндагонӣ мекунам
[man dar Faronsa zindahonī miekunam]
you visited Italy
ту ба Италия рафта буди
[tuju ba Italija raftach budzi]
he visited Morocco
ӯ ба Морокко рафта буд
[ū ba Morokko raftach bud]
she visited China
ӯ ба Чин рафта буд
[ū ba Čyn raftach bud]
we visited Mexico
мо ба Мексико рафта будем
[mo ba Mieksika raftach budziem]
they visited Kenya
онҳо ба Кения рафта буданд
[onҳo ba Kienija raftach budand]

The future tense in Tajik conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Tajik
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
ман шир менӯшам
[man šyr mienūšam]
you will drink coffee
ту қаҳва менӯши
[tuju k'aҳva mienūši]
he will drink tea
ӯ чой менӯшад
[ū čoj mienūšad]
she will drink water
ӯ об менӯшад
[ū ab mienūšad]
we will drink apple juice
мо шарбати себ менӯшем
[mo šarbati sieb mienūšjem]
they will drink tea
онҳо чой менӯшанд
[onҳo čoj mienūšand]

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
гўш [hŭš]
eye
eye
чашм [čašm]
mouth
mouth
даҳон [daҳon]
nose
nose
бинӣ [binī]
hair
hair
мўй [mŭj]
face
face
рўй [rŭj]
head
head
сар [SAR]
heart
heart
дил [dil]
hand
hand
бозу [bozu]
fingers
fingers
ангуштон [anhušton]
leg
leg
пой [spiavaj]
feet
feet
кафи пой [kafi spiavaj]

Travel Phrases in Tajik

Imagine yourself in some Tajik speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Tajik
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
шумо ба ман ёрӣ расонида метавонед?
[šumo ba man jerī rasonida mietavonied?]
Can I help you?
лаббай?
[labbaj?]
Where is the airport?
фурудгоҳ дар кучост?
[furudhoҳ dar kučost?]
Go straight
рост равед
[rost ravied]
Then
баъд
[baʺd]
Turn left
дасти чап гардед
[Dasci čap hardied]
Turn right
дасти рост гардед
[Dasci rost hardied]

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Tajik was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Tajik Vocabulary   Tajik Vocabulary

Tajik Audio   Tajik Audio



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