Tajik Plural

Welcome to the fourth Tajik lesson about the plural. This time we will learn about the singular form and what it looks like in the plural, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of emergency phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

book
book
китоб [kitob]
books
books
китобҳо [kitobҳo]
car
car
мошин [mošin]
cars
cars
мошинҳо [mošinҳo]
tree
tree
дарахт [daracht]
trees
trees
дарахтҳо [darachtҳo]
flower
flower
гӯл [hūl]
flowers
flowers
гӯлҳо [hūlҳo]

Plural Grammar Rules

The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language]. The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look when converted from their singular form.

Grammar + Rules
Tajik + Pronunciation
I speak one language
[singular form]
Ман як забон медонам
[Man jak zabon miedonam]
we speak three languages
[plural noun]
Мо се забон медонем
[Mo voś zabon miedoniem]
he visits many countries
[adverb + plural noun]
У ба давлатҳои зиёд саёҳат мекунад
[U ba davlatҳoi zijed sajeҳat miekunad]
they are happy now
[plural pronoun]
онҳо шоданд
[onҳo šodand]
she has five red shoes
[adjective + plural noun]
у панҷ пойафзоли сурх дорад
[u panҷ pojafzoli surch Dorada]
I want a sandwich without onions
[preposition + plural noun]
Ман бутерброди бепиёз мехоҳам
[Man buterbrody biepijez miechoҳam]

The following is a list of examples showing both the singular and plural form. This demonstrates how the plural is used with humans, objects and animals.

woman
woman
зан [zan]
women
women
занҳо [zanҳo]
man
man
мард [Mardzi]
men
men
мардҳо [mardҳo]
house
house
хона [chona]
houses
houses
хонаҳо [chonaҳo]
cup
country
пиёла [pijela]
cups
countries
пиёлаҳо [pijelaҳo]
cow
cow
гов [hov]
cows
cows
говҳо [hovҳo]
horse
horse
асп [ASD]
horses
horses
аспҳо [aspҳo]

Emergency Phrases

Now it's time to practice your Tajik by looking at these phrases which are related to emergencies. Be prepared when traveling abroad, just in case you need help or by offering help to someone else. I recommend writing these expressions down on a notebook before traveling.

English
Tajik
Pronunciation
Help
ёрӣ
[jerī]
Call the ambulance
ёрии таъҷилиро ҷеғ занед
[jerii taʺҷiliro ҷjeġ zanied]
I need a doctor
ба ман духтур лозим аст
[ba man duchtur lozim astra]
Where is the closest pharmacy?
дорухонаи наздиктарин дар куҷост?
[doruchonai nazdiktarin dar kuҷost?]
Are you okay?
шумо сиҳаст ҳастед?
[šumo siҳast ҳastied?]
I am sick
ман касал шудам
[man kasa šudam]
Call the police
милисаро занг занед
[milisaro zanh zanied]

Did you enjoy this lesson about the plural in Tajik? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Tajik Nouns   Tajik Nouns

Tajik Gender   Tajik Gender



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