Tajik Gender

Welcome to the fifth Tajik lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Tajik to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man
man
мард [Mardzi]
woman
woman
зан [zan]
husband
husband
шавҳар [šavҳar]
wife
wife
ҳамсар, зан [ҳamsar, zan]
boy
boy
писар [pisar]
girl
girl
духтар [duchtar]
father
father
падар [padar]
mother
mother
модар [modar]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Tajik + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
писариман донишҷӯ аст
[pisariman donišҷū astra]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
духтарам донишҷӯ аст
[duchtaram donišҷū astra]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
ӯ бародари қадбаланд дорад
[ū barodari k'adbaland Dorada]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ӯ хоҳари ҳадбаланд дорад
[ū choҳari ҳadbaland Dorada]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
бародарони ӯ ҷавонанд
[barodaroni ū ҷavonand]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
хоҳарони ӯ ҷавонанд
[choҳaroni ū ҷavonand]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son
писар [pisar]
daughter
daughter
духтар [duchtar]
brother
brother
бародар [barodar]
sister
sister
хоҳар [choҳar]
grandfather
grandfather
бобо [bobo]
grandmother
grandmother
бибӣ [bibī]
child
child
фарзанд [farzand]
children
children
фарзандон [farzandon]

Expressions in Tajik

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Tajik, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Tajik
Pronunciation
What do you mean?
Чӣ гӯфтед?
[Čī hūftied?]
I don't understand
Ман намефаҳмам
[Man namiefaҳmam]
I don't know
Ман намедонам
[Man namiedonam]
What is that called in Tajik?
Ин бо забони тоҷикӣ чӣ мешавад?
[Jan bo zaboni Bielaruskaja čī miešavad?]
What is this?
Ин чист?
[Jan čysty?]
What does that word mean in English?
Ин калима бо забони англисӣ чи маъно дорад?
[Jan kalima bo zaboni anhlisī čy maʺno Dorada?]
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
Бубахшед
[Bubachšjed]

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Tajik. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Tajik Plural   Tajik Plural

Tajik Numbers   Tajik Numbers



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