Mongolian Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Mongolian. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Mongolian.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Mongolian conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Mongolian
Pronunciation
I speak English
би англи хэлээр ярьдаг
[bi angli kheekhekheer yarʹdag]
you speak French
та франц хэлээр ярьдаг
[ta frants kheekhekheer yarʹdag]
he speaks German
тэр эрэгтэй герман хэлээр ярьдаг
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ german kheekhekheer yarʹdag]
she speaks Italian
тэр эмэгтэй итали хэлээр ярьдаг
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ itali kheekhekheer yarʹdag]
we speak Arabic
бид араб хэлээр ярьдаг
[bid arab kheekhekheer yarʹdag]
they speak Chinese
тэд хятад хэлээр ярьдаг
[kheed khyatad kheekhekheer yarʹdag]

The past tense in Mongolian conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Mongolian
Pronunciation
I visited France
би францд аялсан
[bi frantsd ayalsan]
you visited Italy
та италид аялсан
[ta italid ayalsan]
he visited Morocco
тэр эрэгтэй мороккод аялсан
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ morokkod ayalsan]
she visited China
тэр эмэгтэй хятадад аялсан
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ khyatadad ayalsan]
we visited Mexico
бид мексикт аялсан
[bid meksikt ayalsan]
they visited Kenya
тэд кеньяд аялсан
[kheed kenʹyad ayalsan]

The future tense in Mongolian conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Mongolian
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
би сүү ууна
[bi sүү uuna]
you will drink coffee
та кофе ууна
[ta kofe uuna]
he will drink tea
тэр эрэгтэй цай ууна
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ tsaĭ uuna]
she will drink water
тэр эмэгтэй ус ууна
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ us uuna]
we will drink apple juice
бид алимны жүүс ууна
[bid alimny zhүүs uuna]
they will drink tea
тэд цай ууна
[kheed tsaĭ uuna]

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
чих [chikh]
eye
eye
нүд [nүd]
mouth
mouth
ам [am]
nose
nose
хамар [khamar]
hair
hair
үс [үs]
face
face
нүүр [nүүr]
head
head
толгой [tolgoĭ]
heart
heart
зүрх [zүrkh]
hand
hand
гар [gar]
fingers
fingers
хуруу [khuruu]
leg
leg
хөл [khөl]
feet
feet
ул [ul]

Travel Phrases in Mongolian

Imagine yourself in some Mongolian speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Mongolian
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
та надад тусалж чадах уу?
[ta nadad tusalzh chadakh uu?]
Can I help you?
би танд туслах уу?
[bi tand tuslakh uu?]
Where is the airport?
онгоцны буудал хаана байгаа вэ?
[ongotsny buudal khaana baĭgaa ve?]
Go straight
чигээрээ яв
[chigkheekhekhee yav]
Then
дараа нь
[daraa nʹ]
Turn left
зүүн эргэ
[zүүn erge]
Turn right
баруун эргэ
[baruun erge]

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Mongolian was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Mongolian Vocabulary   Mongolian Vocabulary

Mongolian Audio   Mongolian Audio



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