Mongolian Numbers

Welcome to the sixth Mongolian lesson about numbers. This time we will learn about cardinal and ordinal numbers, followed by grammar rules, then animal names, finally a conversation in Mongolian to help you practice your daily phrases. Click on the sound icon to hear the words.

Cardinal and Ordinal
Mongolian
Pronunciation
one
нэг
[kheeg]
first
нэгдүгээр
[kheegdүgkheer]
two
хоёр
[khoër]
second
хоёрдугаар
[khoërdugaar]
three
гурав
[gurav]
third
гуравдугаар
[guravdugaar]
four
дөрөв
[dөrөv]
fourth
дөрөвдүгээр
[dөrөvdүgkheer]
five
тав
[tav]
fifth
тавдугаар
[tavdugaar]
six
зургаа
[zurgaa]
sixth
зургаадугаар
[zurgaadugaar]
seven
долоо
[doloo]
seventh
долоодугаар
[doloodugaar]
eight
найм
[naĭm]
eighth
наймдугаар
[naĭmdugaar]
nine
ес
[yes]
ninth
есдүгээр
[yesdүgkheer]
ten
арав
[arav]
tenth
аравдугаар
[aravdugaar]
eleven
арван нэг
[arvan kheeg]
eleventh
арван нэгдүгээр
[arvan kheegdүgkheer]
twelve
арван хоёр
[arvan khoër]
twelfth
арван хоёрдугаар
[arvan khoërdugaar]
thirteen
арван гурав
[arvan gurav]
thirteenth
арван гуравдугаар
[arvan guravdugaar]
fourteen
арван дөрөв
[arvan dөrөv]
once
нэг удаа
[kheeg udaa]
fifteen
арван тав
[arvan tav]
twice
хоёр удаа
[khoër udaa]
sixteen
арван зургаа
[arvan zurgaa]
Monday
даваа гариг
[davaa garig]
seventeen
арван долоо
[arvan doloo]
Tuesday
мягмар гариг
[myagmar garig]
eighteen
арван найм
[arvan naĭm]
Wednesday
лхагва гариг
[lkhagva garig]
nineteen
арван ес
[arvan yes]
Thursday
пүрэв гариг
[pүkheev garig]
twenty
хорь
[khorʹ]
Friday
баасан гариг
[baasan garig]
seventy one
далан нэг
[dalan kheeg]
Saturday
бямба гариг
[byamba garig]
one hundred
нэг зуу
[kheeg zuu]
Sunday
ням гариг
[nyam garig]

Numbers Grammar Rules

Mongolian cardinal numbers refer to the counting numbers, because they show quantity. For example: I speak two languages. Ordinal numbers on the other hand tell the order of things and their rank: my first language is Mongolian. The examples below use numbers in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Mongolian + Pronunciation
I have three dogs
[number + noun]
би гурван нохойтой
[bi gurvan nokhoĭtoĭ]
my daughter has two cats
[number + noun]
миний охин хоёр мууртай
[miniĭ okhin khoër muurtaĭ]
she speaks seven languages
[verb + number]
тэр эмэгтэй долоон хэлээр ярьдаг
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ doloon kheekhekheer yarʹdag]
my brother has one son
[number + singular noun]
миний ах нэг хүүтэй
[miniĭ akh kheeg khүүkheeĭ]
this is my second lesson
[ordinal number + noun]
энэ бол миний анхны хичээл
[ekhee bol miniĭ ankhny khikhekheel]
did you read the third book?
[ordinal number + noun]
чи гурав дахь номыг уншсан уу?
[chi gurav dakhʹ nomyg unshsan uu?]

We're not done yet! The following is a list of animals.

cow
cow
үнээ [үkhekhee]
goat
goat
ямаа [yamaa]
donkey
donkey
илжиг [ilzhig]
horse
horse
морь [morʹ]
dog
dog
нохой [nokhoĭ]
cat
cat
муур [muur]
mouse
mouse
хулгана [khulgana]
bird
bird
шувуу [shuvuu]

Conversation in Mongolian

Now we finally reach the last part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Mongolian
Pronunciation
Where are you from?
та хаанаас ирсэн бэ?
[ta khaanaas irkheen be?]
I'm from the U.S
би америкаас ирсэн
[bi amerikaas irkheen]
I'm American
би америк хүн
[bi amerik khүn]
Where do you live?
та хаана амьдардаг вэ?
[ta khaana amʹdardag ve?]
I live in the U.S
би америкт амьдардаг
[bi amerikt amʹdardag]
What do you do for a living?
та юу хийдэг вэ?
[ta yuu khiĭdeg ve?]
I'm a student
би бол оюутан
[bi bol oyuutan]

Did you enjoy this lesson about numbers in Mongolian? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Mongolian Gender   Mongolian Gender

Mongolian Phrases   Mongolian Phrases



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