Mongolian Nouns

Welcome to the third Mongolian lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Mongolian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

potatoes
potatoes
төмс [tөms]
tomatoes
tomatoes
улаан лооль [ulaan loolʹ]
onions
onions
сонгино [songino]
carrots
carrots
лууван [luuvan]
fruits
fruits
жимс [zhims]
apples
apples
алим [alim]
bananas
bananas
гадил [gadil]
oranges
oranges
жүрж [zhүrzh]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Mongolian + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
чамд сүү бий юу?
[chamd sүү biĭ yuu?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
надад сүү бас кофе байгаа
[nadad sүү bas kofe baĭgaa]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
тэр эрэгтэй гурван алимтай
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ gurvan alimtaĭ]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
тэр эмэгтэй ганц л алимтай
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ gants l alimtaĭ]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
бид жижиг байшинд амьдардаг
[bid zhizhig baĭshind amʹdardag]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
бидний өглөөний хоол надад таалагдаж байна
[bidniĭ өglөөniĭ khool nadad taalagdazh baĭna]

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread
талх [talkh]
milk
milk
сүү [sүү]
butter
butter
масло [maslo]
cheese
cheese
бяслаг [byaslag]
coffee
coffee
кофе [kofe]
sandwich
sandwich
сэндвич [kheendvich]
meat
meat
мах [makh]
chicken
chicken
тахианы мах [takhiany makh]
fish
fish
загас [zagas]
breakfast
breakfast
өглөөний хоол [өglөөniĭ khool]
lunch
lunch
үдийн хоол [үdiĭn khool]
dinner
dinner
оройн хоол [oroĭn khool]

Conversation in Mongolian

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Mongolian
Pronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Mongolian)?
та англи хэлээр/ монгол хэлээр ярьдаг уу?
[ta angli kheekhekheer / mongol kheekhekheer yarʹdag uu?]
Just a little
бага зэрэг
[baga zekheeg]
I like Mongolian
монгол хэл надад таалагдаж байна
[mongol kheel nadad taalagdazh baĭna]
Can I practice with you?
би тантай дадлага хийж болох уу?
[bi tantaĭ dadlaga khiĭzh bolokh uu?]
How old are you?
та хэдэн настай вэ?
[ta kheeden nastaĭ ve?]
I'm thirty three years old
би гучин настай.
[bi guchin nastaĭ.]
It was nice talking to you
таньтай ярилцахад таатай байлаа.
[tanʹtaĭ yariltsakhad taataĭ baĭlaa.]

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Mongolian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Mongolian Adjectives   Mongolian Adjectives

Mongolian Plural   Mongolian Plural



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