Mongolian Adjectives

Welcome to the second Mongolian lesson about adjectives. This time we will first learn about colors, followed by grammar rules, then weather expressions, finally a conversation in Mongolian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

black
black
хар [khar]
grey
grey
саарал [saaral]
white
white
цагаан [tsagaan]
blue
blue
цэнхэр [kheenkheer]
green
green
ногоон [nogoon]
yellow
yellow
шар [shar]
red
red
улаан [ulaan]
brown
brown
бор [bor]

Adjectives Grammar Rules

In general adjectives are words which describe or modify another person or object in a given sentence. For example: a beautiful flower the adjective is [beautiful] because it describes the noun [flower]. The following examples use adjectives in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar Rules
Mongolian + Pronunciation
my house is white
[noun + adjective]
миний байшин бол цагаан
[miniĭ baĭshin bol tsagaan]
your country is big
[noun + adjective]
танай улс бол том
[tanaĭ uls bol tom]
new books are expensive
[plural + adjective]
шинэ номнууд үнэтэй
[shikhee nomnuud үkheekheeĭ]
we are happy here
[pronoun + verb + adjective]
бид энд баяртай байна
[bid end bayartaĭ baĭna]
she has three small dogs
[adjective + plural]
тэр эмэгтэй гурван жижиг нохойтой
[kheer ekheegkheeĭ gurvan zhizhig nokhoĭtoĭ]
this language is very easy
[adverb + adjective]
энэ хэл их амархан
[ekhee kheel ikh amarkhan]
I have a small green house
[adjective + adjective]
би жижиг ногоон байшинтай
[bi zhizhig nogoon baĭshintaĭ]

We're not done yet! The following is a list of more adjectives for you, often used when referring to weather conditions. I think it would be wise to memorize them.

cold
cold
хүйтэн [khүĭkheen]
hot
hot
халуун [khaluun]
cloudy
cloudy
үүлэрхэг [үүkheerkheeg]
rainy
rainy
бороотой [borootoĭ]
snowy
snowy
цастай [tsastaĭ]
sunny
sunny
нартай [nartaĭ]
windy
windy
салхитай [salkhitaĭ]
warm
warm
дулаан [dulaan]

Conversation in Mongolian

Now we finally reach the most exciting part, the practice of the daily expressions used in almost every conversation. I recommend memorizing these phrases, because you will need them for sure.

English
Mongolian
Pronunciation
hi
сайн уу?
[saĭn uu?]
how are you?
сонин юу байна?
[sonin yuu baĭna?]
I'm good, thank you
би сайн, баярлалаа.
[bi saĭn, bayarlalaa.]
and you?
харин чи?
[kharin chi?]
what is your name?
чамайг хэн гэдэг вэ?
[chamaĭg kheen gedeg ve?]
my name is Maya
намайг маяа гэдэг.
[namaĭg mayaa gedeg.]
nice to meet you
танилцахад таатай байна
[taniltsakhad taataĭ baĭna]

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about adjectives in Mongolian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below.

Mongolian Alphabet   Mongolian Alphabet

Mongolian Nouns   Mongolian Nouns



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