Esperanto Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Esperanto. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Esperanto.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Esperanto conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Esperanto
I speak English
mi parolas la anglan Audio
you speak French
vi parolas la francan Audio
he speaks German
li parolas la germanan Audio
she speaks Italian
ŝi parolas la italan Audio
we speak Arabic
ni parolas la araban Audio
they speak Chinese
ili parolas la ĉinan Audio

The past tense in Esperanto conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Esperanto
I visited France
mi vizitis francio Audio
you visited Italy
vi vizitis italio Audio
he visited Morocco
li vizitis maroko Audio
she visited China
ŝi vizitis ĉinio Audio
we visited Mexico
ni vizitis meksiko Audio
they visited Kenya
ili vizitis kenjo Audio

The future tense in Esperanto conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Esperanto
I will drink milk
mi trinkos lakton Audio
you will drink coffee
vi trinkos kafon Audio
he will drink tea
li trinkos teon Audio
she will drink water
ŝi trinkos akvon Audio
we will drink apple juice
ni trinkos pomsukon Audio
they will drink tea
ili trinkos teon Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
orelo
eye
eye Audio
okulo
mouth
mouth Audio
buŝo
nose
nose Audio
nazo
hair
hair Audio
haro
face
face Audio
vizaĝo
head
head Audio
kapo
heart
heart Audio
koro
hand
hand Audio
mano
fingers
fingers Audio
fingroj
leg
leg Audio
kruro
feet
feet Audio
futoj

Travel Phrases in Esperanto

Imagine yourself in some Esperanto speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Esperanto
Can you help me?
ĉu vi povas helpi min? Audio
Can I help you?
per kio mi povas vin servi? Audio
Where is the airport?
kie estas la flughaveno? Audio
Go straight
iru rekte antaŭen Audio
Then
tiam Audio
Turn left
turnu vin maldekstren Audio
Turn right
turnu vin dekstren Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Esperanto was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Esperanto Vocabulary   Esperanto Vocabulary

Esperanto Audio   Esperanto Audio



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