Welcome to the 8th lesson about Esperanto grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.
We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Esperanto and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Esperanto and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Esperanto.
|in front of||antaŭ|
|far from||for de|
Preposition Grammar Rules
The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.
Negation in Esperanto
Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.
Questions in Esperanto
Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:
More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:
Adverbs in Esperanto
It's time to learn the adverbs in Esperanto. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:
|sometimes||foje, kelkfoje, fojfoje|
The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.
Pronouns in Esperanto
We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Esperanto. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:
I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.
The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:
One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.
|this is my house||ĉi tiu estas mia domo|
|that restaurant is far||tiu restoracio estas fora|
|these apples are delicious||ĉi tiuj pomoj estas bongustaj|
|those stars are shiny||tiuj steloj estas brilaj|
I hope you learned a lot about the Esperanto grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!
Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus