Esperanto Nouns

Welcome to the third Esperanto lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Esperanto to help you practice your daily phrases.

potatoes
potatoes Audio
terpomoj
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
tomatoj
onions
onions Audio
cepoj
carrots
carrots Audio
karotoj
fruits
fruits Audio
fruktoj
apples
apples Audio
pomoj
bananas
bananas Audio
bananoj
oranges
oranges Audio
oranĝoj

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Esperanto
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
ĉu vi havas lakton? Audio
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
mi havas lakton kaj kafon Audio
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
li havas tri pomojn Audio
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
ŝi nur havas unu pomon Audio
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
ni loĝas en malgranda domo Audio
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
mi ŝatas nian matenmanĝon Audio

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread Audio
pano
milk
milk Audio
lakto
butter
butter Audio
butero
cheese
cheese Audio
fromaĝo
coffee
coffee Audio
kafo
sandwich
sandwich Audio
sandviĉo
meat
meat Audio
viando
chicken
chicken Audio
kokaĵo
fish
fish Audio
fiŝaĵo
breakfast
breakfast Audio
matenmanĝo
lunch
lunch Audio
lunĉo
dinner
dinner Audio
ĉefmanĝo

Conversation in Esperanto

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Esperanto
Do you speak (English/ Esperanto)?
ĉu vi parolas (la anglan/esperanton)? Audio
Just a little
nur iom(et)e Audio
I like Esperanto
mi ŝatas esperanton Audio
Can I practice with you?
ĉu vi bonvolu ekzerci vin esperante kun mi? Audio
How old are you?
kiom da jaroj havas vi? Audio
I'm thirty three years old
mi estas tridek tri jaraĝa Audio
It was nice talking to you
estis agrable paroli kun vi Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Esperanto. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Esperanto Adjectives   Esperanto Adjectives

Esperanto Plural   Esperanto Plural



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