Esperanto Numbers

Welcome to the sixth Esperanto lesson about numbers. This time we will learn about cardinal and ordinal numbers, followed by grammar rules, then animal names, finally a conversation in Esperanto to help you practice your daily phrases.

Cardinal and Ordinal
Esperanto
one
unu Audio
first
unua Audio
two
du Audio
second
dua Audio
three
tri Audio
third
tria Audio
four
kvar Audio
fourth
kvara Audio
five
kvin Audio
fifth
kvina Audio
six
ses Audio
sixth
sesa Audio
seven
sep Audio
seventh
sepa Audio
eight
ok Audio
eighth
oka Audio
nine
naŭ Audio
ninth
naŭa Audio
ten
dek Audio
tenth
deka Audio
eleven
dek unu Audio
eleventh
dekunua Audio
twelve
dek du Audio
twelfth
dekdua Audio
thirteen
dek tri Audio
thirteenth
dektria Audio
fourteen
dek kvar Audio
once
foje Audio
fifteen
dek kvin Audio
twice
dufoje Audio
sixteen
dek ses Audio
Monday
lundo Audio
seventeen
dek sep Audio
Tuesday
mardo Audio
eighteen
dek ok Audio
Wednesday
merkredo Audio
nineteen
dek naŭ Audio
Thursday
ĵaŭdo Audio
twenty
dudek Audio
Friday
vendredo Audio
seventy one
sepdek unu Audio
Saturday
sabato Audio
one hundred
cent Audio
Sunday
dimanĉo Audio

Numbers Grammar Rules

Esperanto cardinal numbers refer to the counting numbers, because they show quantity. For example: I speak two languages. Ordinal numbers on the other hand tell the order of things and their rank: my first language is Esperanto. The examples below use numbers in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Esperanto
I have three dogs
[number + noun]
mi havas tri hundojn Audio
my daughter has two cats
[number + noun]
mia filino havas du katojn Audio
she speaks seven languages
[verb + number]
ŝi parolas sep lingvojn Audio
my brother has one son
[number + singular noun]
mia frato havas unu filo Audio
this is my second lesson
[ordinal number + noun]
ĉii tiu estas mia dua leciono Audio
did you read the third book?
[ordinal number + noun]
ĉu vi legis la trian libron? Audio

We're not done yet! The following is a list of animals.

cow
cow Audio
bovino
goat
goat Audio
kapro
donkey
donkey Audio
azeno
horse
horse Audio
ĉevalo
dog
dog Audio
hundo
cat
cat Audio
kato
mouse
mouse Audio
muso
bird
bird Audio
birdo

Conversation in Esperanto

Now we finally reach the last part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Esperanto
Where are you from?
de kie vi venas? Audio
I'm from the U.S
mi estas ano de usono. Audio
I'm American
mi estas usona Audio
Where do you live?
kie vi loĝas? Audio
I live in the U.S
mi loĝas en usono. Audio
What do you do for a living?
kian okupon vi faras porvivaĵe? Audio
I'm a student
mi estas studento Audio

Did you enjoy this lesson about numbers in Esperanto? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Esperanto Gender   Esperanto Gender

Esperanto Phrases   Esperanto Phrases



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