Esperanto Gender

Welcome to the fifth Esperanto lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Esperanto to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man Audio
viro
woman
woman Audio
virino
husband
husband Audio
edzo
wife
wife Audio
edzino
boy
boy Audio
knabo
girl
girl Audio
knabino
father
father Audio
patro
mother
mother Audio
patrino

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Esperanto
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
mia filo estas studento Audio
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
ŝia filino estas studento Audio
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
li havas altan fraton Audio
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ŝi havas altan fratinon Audio
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
liaj fratoj estas junaj Audio
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
liaj fratinoj estas junaj Audio

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
filo
daughter
daughter Audio
filino
brother
brother Audio
frato
sister
sister Audio
fratino
grandfather
grandfather Audio
avo
grandmother
grandmother Audio
avino
child
child Audio
infano
children
children Audio
infanoj

Expressions in Esperanto

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Esperanto, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Esperanto
What do you mean?
kion vi celas diri? Audio
I don't understand
mi ne komprenas Audio
I don't know
mi ne scias Audio
What is that called in Esperanto?
kiel oni nomas tion esperante? Audio
What is this?
kio estas ĉi tio? Audio
What does that word mean in English?
kion tiu vorto signifas en la angla? Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
pardonon Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Esperanto. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Esperanto Plural   Esperanto Plural

Esperanto Numbers   Esperanto Numbers



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