Esperanto Adjectives

Welcome to the second Esperanto lesson about adjectives. This time we will first learn about colors, followed by grammar rules, then weather expressions, finally a conversation in Esperanto to help you practice your daily phrases.

black
black Audio
nigra
grey
grey Audio
griza
white
white Audio
blanka
blue
blue Audio
blua
green
green Audio
verda
yellow
yellow Audio
flava
red
red Audio
ruĝa
brown
brown Audio
bruna

Adjectives Grammar Rules

In general adjectives are words which describe or modify another person or object in a given sentence. For example: a beautiful flower the adjective is [beautiful] because it describes the noun [flower]. The following examples use adjectives in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar Rules
Esperanto
my house is white
[noun + adjective]
mia domo estas blanka Audio
your country is big
[noun + adjective]
via lando estas granda Audio
new books are expensive
[plural + adjective]
novaj libroj estas multekostaj Audio
we are happy here
[pronoun + verb + adjective]
ni estas feliĉaj ĉi tie Audio
she has three small dogs
[adjective + plural]
ŝi havas tri malgrandajn hundojn Audio
this language is very easy
[adverb + adjective]
ĉi tiu lingvo estas tre facila Audio
I have a small green house
[adjective + adjective]
mi havas malgrandan verdan domon Audio

We're not done yet! The following is a list of more adjectives for you, often used when referring to weather conditions. I think it would be wise to memorize them.

cold
cold Audio
malvarma
hot
hot Audio
varma
cloudy
cloudy Audio
nuba
rainy
rainy Audio
pluva
snowy
snowy Audio
neĝa
sunny
sunny Audio
sun(plen)a
windy
windy Audio
venta
warm
warm Audio
varmeta

Conversation in Esperanto

Now we finally reach the most exciting part, the practice of the daily expressions used in almost every conversation. I recommend memorizing these phrases, because you will need them for sure.

English
Esperanto
hi
saluton Audio
how are you?
kiel vi fartas? Audio
I'm good, thank you
mi fartas bone , dankon Audio
and you?
kaj vi? Audio
what is your name?
kio estas via nomo? Audio
my name is Maya
mia nomo estas maja Audio
nice to meet you
estas plezure renkonti vin Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about adjectives in Esperanto. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below.

Esperanto Alphabet   Esperanto Alphabet

Esperanto Nouns   Esperanto Nouns



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