Esperanto Plural

Welcome to the fourth Esperanto lesson about the plural. This time we will learn about the singular form and what it looks like in the plural, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of emergency phrases.

book
book Audio
libro
books
books Audio
libroj
car
car Audio
aŭto
cars
cars Audio
aŭtoj
tree
tree Audio
arbo
trees
trees Audio
arboj
flower
flower Audio
floro
flowers
flowers Audio
floroj

Plural Grammar Rules

The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language]. The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look when converted from their singular form.

Grammar + Rules
Esperanto
I speak one language
[singular form]
mi parolas unu lingvon Audio
we speak three languages
[plural noun]
ni parolas tri lingvojn Audio
he visits many countries
[adverb + plural noun]
li vizitas multajn landojn Audio
they are happy now
[plural pronoun]
ili estas feliĉaj nun Audio
she has five red shoes
[adjective + plural noun]
ŝi havas kvin ruĝajn ŝuojn Audio
I want a sandwich without onions
[preposition + plural noun]
mi deziras sandviĉon sen cepoj Audio

The following is a list of examples showing both the singular and plural form. This demonstrates how the plural is used with humans, objects and animals.

woman
woman Audio
virino
women
women Audio
virinoj
man
man Audio
viro
men
men Audio
viroj
house
house Audio
domo
houses
houses Audio
domoj
cup
country Audio
taso
cups
countries Audio
tasoj
cow
cow Audio
bovino
cows
cows Audio
bovinoj
horse
horse Audio
ĉevalo
horses
horses Audio
ĉevaloj

Emergency Phrases

Now it's time to practice your Esperanto by looking at these phrases which are related to emergencies. Be prepared when traveling abroad, just in case you need help or by offering help to someone else. I recommend writing these expressions down on a notebook before traveling.

English
Esperanto
Help
helpu! Audio
Call the ambulance
alvoku ambulancon Audio
I need a doctor
mi bezonas kuraciston Audio
Where is the closest pharmacy?
kie estas la plej proksima apoteko? Audio
Are you okay?
ĉu vi bonfartas? Audio
I am sick
mi estas malsana Audio
Call the police
alvoku la policon Audio

Did you enjoy this lesson about the plural in Esperanto? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Esperanto Nouns   Esperanto Nouns

Esperanto Gender   Esperanto Gender



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