Bulgarian Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Bulgarian. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Bulgarian.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Bulgarian conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Bulgarian
Pronunciation
I speak English
Аз говоря английски
[Az guovorya anguliyski] Audio
you speak French
ти говориш френски
[ti guovorish fryenski] Audio
he speaks German
той говори немски
[toy guovori nyemski] Audio
she speaks Italian
тя говори италиански
[tya guovori italianski] Audio
we speak Arabic
ние говорим арабски
[niye guovorim arabski] Audio
they speak Chinese
те говорят китайски
[tye guovoryat kitayski] Audio

The past tense in Bulgarian conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Bulgarian
Pronunciation
I visited France
Аз посетих Франция
[Az posyetikh Frantziya] Audio
you visited Italy
ти посети Италия
[ti posyeti Italiya] Audio
he visited Morocco
той посети Мароко
[toy posyeti Maroko] Audio
she visited China
тя посети Китай
[tya posyeti Kitay] Audio
we visited Mexico
ние посетихме Мексико
[niye posyetikhmye Myeksiko] Audio
they visited Kenya
те посетиха Кения
[tye posyetikha Kyeniya] Audio

The future tense in Bulgarian conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Bulgarian
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
Аз ще пия мляко
[Az shtye piya mlyako] Audio
you will drink coffee
ти ще пиеш кафе
[ti shtye piyesh kafye] Audio
he will drink tea
той ще пие чай
[toy shtye piye chay] Audio
she will drink water
тя ще пие вода
[tya shtye piye voda] Audio
we will drink apple juice
ние ще пием ябълков сок
[niye shtye piyem yabʲlkov sok] Audio
they will drink tea
те ще пият чай
[tye shtye piyat chay] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
ухо [ookho]
eye
eye Audio
око [oko]
mouth
mouth Audio
уста [oosta]
nose
nose Audio
нос [nos]
hair
hair Audio
коса [kosa]
face
face Audio
лице [litzye]
head
head Audio
глава [gulava]
heart
heart Audio
сърце [sʲrtzye]
hand
hand Audio
ръка [rʲka]
fingers
fingers Audio
пръсти [prʲsti]
leg
leg Audio
крак [krak]
feet
feet Audio
стъпала [stʲpala]

Travel Phrases in Bulgarian

Imagine yourself in some Bulgarian speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Bulgarian
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
Може ли да ми помогнете?
[Moʐye li da mi pomogunyetye?] Audio
Can I help you?
Мога ли да ви помогна?
[Mogua li da vi pomoguna?] Audio
Where is the airport?
Къде е летището?
[Kʲdye ye lyetishtyeto?] Audio
Go straight
Вървете направо
[Vʲrvyetye napravo] Audio
Then
тогава/след това
[toguava/slyed tova] Audio
Turn left
завийте вляво
[zaviytye vlyavo] Audio
Turn right
завийте вдясно
[zaviytye vdyasno] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Bulgarian was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Bulgarian Vocabulary   Bulgarian Vocabulary

Bulgarian Audio   Bulgarian Audio



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