Bulgarian Gender

Welcome to the fifth Bulgarian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Bulgarian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man Audio
мъж [mʲʐ]
woman Audio
жена [ʐyena]
husband Audio
съпруг [sʲproogu]
wife Audio
съпруга [sʲproogua]
boy Audio
момче [momchye]
girl Audio
момиче [momichye]
father Audio
баща [bashta]
mother Audio
майка [mayka]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Bulgarian + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
синът ми е студент Audio
[sinʲt mi ye stoodyent]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
нейната дъщеря е студентка Audio
[nyeynata dʲshtyerya ye stoodyentka]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
той има висок брат Audio
[toy ima visok brat]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
тя има висока сестра Audio
[tya ima visoka syestra]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
братята му са млади Audio
[bratyata moo sa mladi]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
сестрите му са млади Audio
[syestritye moo sa mladi]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son Audio
син [sin]
daughter Audio
дъщеря [dʲshtyerya]
brother Audio
брат [brat]
sister Audio
сестра [syestra]
grandfather Audio
дядо [dyado]
grandmother Audio
баба [baba]
child Audio
дете [dyetye]
children Audio
деца [dyetza]

Expressions in Bulgarian

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Bulgarian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

What do you mean?
Какво искаш да кажеш?
[Kakvo iskash da kaʐyesh?] Audio
I don't understand
Не ви разбирам!
[Nye vi razbiram!] Audio
I don't know
Не знам!
[Nye znam!] Audio
What is that called in Bulgarian?
Как се казва това на български?
[Kak sye kazva tova na bʲlguarski?] Audio
What is this?
Какво е това?
[Kakvo ye tova?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
Какво означава тази дума на английски?
[Kakvo oznachava tazi dooma na anguliyski?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
[Izvinyetye!] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Bulgarian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Bulgarian Plural   Bulgarian Plural

Bulgarian Numbers   Bulgarian Numbers


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