Welcome to the fifth Bulgarian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Bulgarian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
|Grammar + Rules - Bulgarian + Pronunciation|
|my son is a student|
[masculine + noun] синът ми е студент [sinʲt mi ye stoodyent]
|her daughter is a student|
[feminine + noun] нейната дъщеря е студентка [nyeynata dʲshtyerya ye stoodyentka]
|he has a tall brother|
[adjective + masculine] той има висок брат [toy ima visok brat]
|she has a tall sister|
[adjective + feminine] тя има висока сестра [tya ima visoka syestra]
|his brothers are young|
[plural masculine + adjective] братята му са млади [bratyata moo sa mladi]
|his sisters are young|
[plural feminine + adjective] сестрите му са млади [syestritye moo sa mladi]
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Bulgarian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.
|English - Bulgarian - Pronunciation|
|What do you mean? Какво искаш да кажеш? [Kakvo iskash da kaʐyesh?]|
|I don't understand Не ви разбирам! [Nye vi razbiram!]|
|I don't know Не знам! [Nye znam!]|
|What is that called in Bulgarian? Как се казва това на български? [Kak sye kazva tova na bʲlguarski?]|
|What is this? Какво е това? [Kakvo ye tova?]|
|What does that word mean in English? Какво означава тази дума на английски? [Kakvo oznachava tazi dooma na anguliyski?]|
|Sorry (if you made a mistake) Извинете! [Izvinyetye!]|
I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Bulgarian. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. To see the full menu, you can also click on the "Menu" icon on the left side.
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