Bulgarian Nouns

Welcome to the third Bulgarian lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Bulgarian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

potatoes
potatoes Audio
картофи [kartofi]
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
домати [domati]
onions
onions Audio
лук [look]
carrots
carrots Audio
моркови [morkovi]
fruits
fruits Audio
плодове [plodovye]
apples
apples Audio
ябълки [yabʲlki]
bananas
bananas Audio
банани [banani]
oranges
oranges Audio
портокали [portokali]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Bulgarian + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
Имате ли мляко? Audio
[Imatye li mlyako?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
Имам мляко и кафе Audio
[Imam mlyako i kafye]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
той има три ябълки Audio
[toy ima tri yabʲlki]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
тя има само една ябълка Audio
[tya ima samo yedna yabʲlka]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
ние живеем в една малка къща Audio
[niye ʐivyeyem v yedna malka kʲshta]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
Аз харесвам нашата закуска Audio
[Az kharyesvam nashata zakooska]

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread Audio
хляб [khlyab]
milk
milk Audio
мляко [mlyako]
butter
butter Audio
масло [maslo]
cheese
cheese Audio
сирене [siryenye]
coffee
coffee Audio
кафе [kafye]
sandwich
sandwich Audio
сандвич [sandvich]
meat
meat Audio
месо [myeso]
chicken
chicken Audio
пиле [pilye]
fish
fish Audio
риба [riba]
breakfast
breakfast Audio
закуска [zakooska]
lunch
lunch Audio
обяд [obyad]
dinner
dinner Audio
вечеря [vyechyerya]

Conversation in Bulgarian

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Bulgarian
Pronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Bulgarian)?
Говорите ли (английски/български)?
[Guovoritye li (anguliyski/bʲlguarski)?] Audio
Just a little
Само малко.
[Samo malko.] Audio
I like Bulgarian
Аз харесвам български (език)
[Az kharyesvam bʲlguarski (yezik)] Audio
Can I practice with you?
Мога ли да практикувам с вас?
[Mogua li da praktikoovam s vas?] Audio
How old are you?
На колко години сте?
[Na kolko guodini stye?] Audio
I'm thirty three years old
Аз съм на тридесет и три години
[Az sʲm na tridyesyet i tri guodini] Audio
It was nice talking to you
Беше ми приятно да разговарям с вас.
[Byeshye mi priyatno da razguovaryam s vas.] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Bulgarian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Bulgarian Adjectives   Bulgarian Adjectives

Bulgarian Plural   Bulgarian Plural



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