Punjabi Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Punjabi. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Punjabi.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Punjabi conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Punjabi
Pronunciation
I speak English
ਮੈਂ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਬੋਲਦਾ ਹਾਂ
[maiṁ agarēzī bōladā hāṁ] Audio
you speak French
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਫਰੈਂਚ ਬੋਲਦੇ ਹੋ
[tusīṁ pharain̄ca bōladē hō] Audio
he speaks German
ਓਹ ਜਰਮਨ ਬੋਲਦਾ ਹੈ
[ōha jaramana bōladā hai] Audio
she speaks Italian
ਓਹ ਇਟਾਲੀਅਨ ਬੋਲਦੀ ਹੈ
[ōha iṭālī'ana bōladī hai] Audio
we speak Arabic
ਅਸੀਂ ਅਰਬੀ ਬੋਲਦੇ ਹਾਂ
[asīṁ arabī bōladē hāṁ] Audio
they speak Chinese
ਓਹ ਚੀਨੀ ਬੋਲਦੇ ਹਨ
[ōha cīnī bōladē hana] Audio

The past tense in Punjabi conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Punjabi
Pronunciation
I visited France
ਮੈਂ ਫਰਾਂਸ ਗਿਆ ਸੀ
[maiṁ pharānsa gi'ā sī] Audio
you visited Italy
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਇਟਲੀ ਗਏ ਸੀ
[tusīṁ iṭalī ga'ē sī] Audio
he visited Morocco
ਓਹ ਮੋਰੱਕੋ ਗਿਆ ਸੀ
[ōha mōrakō gi'ā sī] Audio
she visited China
ਓਹ ਚੀਨ ਗਈ ਸੀ
[ōha cīna ga'ī sī] Audio
we visited Mexico
ਅਸੀਂ ਮੋਰੱਕੋ ਗਏ ਸੀ
[asīṁ mōrakō ga'ē sī] Audio
they visited Kenya
ਓਹ ਕੀਨੀਆ ਗਏ ਸੀ
[ōha kīnī'ā ga'ē sī] Audio

The future tense in Punjabi conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Punjabi
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
ਮੈਂ ਦੁੱਧ ਪੀਵਾਂਗਾ
[maiṁ dudha pīvāṅgā] Audio
you will drink coffee
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੌਫੀ ਪੀਓਗੇ
[tusīṁ kauphī pī'ōgē] Audio
he will drink tea
ਓਹ ਚਾਹ ਪੀਵੇਗਾ
[ōha cāha pīvēgā] Audio
she will drink water
ਓਹ ਪਾਣੀ ਪੀਵੇਗੀ
[ōha pāṇī pīvēgī] Audio
we will drink apple juice
ਅਸੀਂ ਸੇਬਾਂ ਦਾ ਰਸ ਪੀਵਾਂਗੇ
[asīṁ sēbāṁ dā rasa pīvāṅgē] Audio
they will drink tea
ਓਹ ਚਾਹ ਪੀਣਗੇ
[ōha cāha pīṇagē] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
ਕੰਨ [kana]
eye
eye Audio
ਅੱਖ [akha]
mouth
mouth Audio
ਮੂੰਹ [mūha]
nose
nose Audio
ਨੱਕ [naka]
hair
hair Audio
ਵਾਲ [vāla]
face
face Audio
ਚੇਹਰਾ [cēharā]
head
head Audio
ਸਰਿ [sari]
heart
heart Audio
ਦਲਿ [dali]
hand
hand Audio
ਹੱਥ [hatha]
fingers
fingers Audio
ਉਂਗਲਾਂ [uṅgalāṁ]
leg
leg Audio
ਲੱਤ [lata]
feet
feet Audio
ਪੈਰ [paira]

Travel Phrases in Punjabi

Imagine yourself in some Punjabi speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Punjabi
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
ਕੀ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਦਦ ਕਰੋਗੇ?
[kī tusīṁ mērī madada karōgē?] Audio
Can I help you?
ਕੀ ਮੈਂ ਤੁਹਾਡੀ ਮਦਦ ਕਰਾਂ?
[kī maiṁ tuhāḍī madada karāṁ?] Audio
Where is the airport?
ਹਵਾਈ ਅੱਡਾ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
[havā'ī aḍā kithē hai?] Audio
Go straight
ਸਿੱਧੇ ਜਾਓ
[sidhē jā'ō] Audio
Then
ਫੇਰ
[phēra] Audio
Turn left
ਖੱਬੇ ਮੁੜੋ
[khabē muṛō] Audio
Turn right
ਸੱਜੇ ਮੁੜੋ
[sajē muṛō] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Punjabi was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Punjabi Vocabulary   Punjabi Vocabulary

Punjabi Audio   Punjabi Audio



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