Punjabi Gender

Welcome to the fifth Punjabi lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Punjabi to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man Audio
ਮਰਦ [marada]
woman Audio
ਔਰਤ [aurata]
husband Audio
ਪਤੀ [pat]
wife Audio
ਪਤਨੀ [patanī]
boy Audio
ਮੁੰਡਾ [muḍā]
girl Audio
ਕੁਡ਼ੀ [kuṛī]
father Audio
ਪਤਾ [patā]
mother Audio
ਮਾਤਾ [mātā]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Punjabi + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
ਮੇਰਾ ਪੁੱਤਰ ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀ ਹੈ Audio
[mērā putara vidi'ārathī hai]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
ਓਸਦੀ ਬੇਟੀ ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥਣ ਹੈ Audio
[ōsadī bēṭī vidi'ārathaṇa hai]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
ਓਸਦਾ ਇੱਕ ਲੰਮਾ ਭਰਾ ਹੈ Audio
[ōsadā ika lamā bharā hai]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ਓਸਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਲੰਮੀ ਭੈਣ ਹੈ Audio
[ōsadī ika lamī bhaiṇa hai]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
ਓਸਦੇ ਭਰਾ ਛੋਟੇ ਹਨ Audio
[ōsadē bharā chōṭē hana]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
ਓਸਦੀਆਂ ਭੈਣਾਂ ਛੋਟੀਆਂ ਹਨ Audio
[ōsadī'āṁ bhaiṇāṁ chōṭī'āṁ hana]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son Audio
ਪੁੱਤਰ [putara]
daughter Audio
ਬੇਟੀ [bēṭī]
brother Audio
ਭਰਾ [bharā]
sister Audio
ਭੈਣ [bhaiṇa]
grandfather Audio
ਦਾਦਾ [dādā]
grandmother Audio
ਦਾਦੀ [dādī]
child Audio
ਬੱਚਾ [bacā]
children Audio
ਬੱਚੇ [bacē]

Expressions in Punjabi

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Punjabi, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

What do you mean?
ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਮਤਲਬ ਕੀ ਹੈ?
[tuhāḍā matalaba kī hai?] Audio
I don't understand
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਸਮਝ ਨਹੀਂ ਆਈ
[mainū samajha nahīṁ ā'ī] Audio
I don't know
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਪਤਾ ਨਹੀਂ
[mainū patā nahīṁ] Audio
What is that called in Punjabi?
ਇਸ ਨੂੰ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ 'ਚ ਕੀ ਕਹਿੰਦੇ ਹਨ?
[isa nū pajābī-ca kī kahidē hana?] Audio
What is this?
ਇਹ ਕੀ ਹੈ?
[iha kī hai?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
ਇਸ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਦਾ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ 'ਚ ਮਤਲਬ ਕੀ ਹੈ
[isa śabada dā agarēzī 'ca matalaba kī hai] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
[mu'āphī] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Punjabi. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Punjabi Plural   Punjabi Plural

Punjabi Numbers   Punjabi Numbers


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