Uzbek Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Uzbek grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Uzbek and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Uzbek and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Uzbek.

Prepositions
Uzbek
and
va Audio
above
tepada Audio
under
tagida, pastida Audio
before
oldin Audio
after
keyin Audio
in front of
… qarshisida Audio
behind
orqada Audio
far from
dan uzoq Audio
near
yonida Audio
in
ichida Audio
inside
ichida Audio
outside
tashqarida Audio
with
bilan Audio
without
…siz Audio
about
haqida Audio
between
o'rtasida Audio
but
lekin Audio
for
uchun Audio
from
…dan Audio
to
….ga Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Uzbek
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
men pichoqsiz ovqatlanaman Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
u cherkov yonida yashaydi Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
u unga qaraganda baland Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
u kuchukchasi bilan keldi Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
sen men bilan birga kela olasanmi? Audio

Negation in Uzbek

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Uzbek
I understand you
[affirmative form]
men sizni tushunaman Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
men sizni tushunmayapman Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
bu to'g'ri so'z emas Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
meni tashlab ketma Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
hech qisi yo'q Audio

Negative Sentences
Uzbek
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
men fransuzcha gapirmayman Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
u olmoniyaga sayohat kilmagan Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
u bizni ko'ra olmayapti Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
u shaxmat o'ynashni biladimi? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
biz kech kelmaymiz Audio

Questions in Uzbek

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Uzbek
how?
qanday? Audio
what?
nima? Audio
who?
kim? Audio
why?
nima uchun? Audio
where?
qaerda? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Uzbek
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
siz qaerda yashaysiz? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
siz hitoycha gapirasizmi? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
bu qancha turadi? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
sizga yordamim kerakmi? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
ismingiz nima? Audio

Adverbs in Uzbek

It's time to learn the adverbs in Uzbek. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Uzbek
now
hozir Audio
yesterday
kecha Audio
today
bugun Audio
tonight
bugun tunda Audio
tomorrow
ertaga Audio
soon
yaqin orada Audio
quickly
tez Audio
slowly
sekin Audio
together
hamma Audio
very
juda Audio
almost
dearli Audio
always
har doyim Audio
usually
odatdan Audio
sometimes
vaqt-ma-vaqt, bazan Audio
rarely
kamdan-kam Audio
never
hech qachon Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Uzbek
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
siz meni endi tushunayapsizmi? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
menga hoziroq yordam kerak Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
u juda aqilli Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
men seni har doim sevaman Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
biz birga nemis tilini o'rgansak boladimi? Audio

Pronouns in Uzbek

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Uzbek. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Uzbek
I
men Audio
you
sen Audio
he
u Audio
she
u Audio
we
biz Audio
they
ular Audio

Object Pronouns
Uzbek
me
menga Audio
you
senga Audio
him
unga Audio
her
unga Audio
us
bizga Audio
them
ularga Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Uzbek
my
mening Audio
your
sening Audio
his
uning Audio
her
uning Audio
our
bizning Audio
their
ularning Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Uzbek
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
men sizni do'stingizman Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
siz juda tez gapirayapsiz Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
unda uchta itlari bor Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
u nemis tilida gapira oladi Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
biz kech kelmaymiz Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
ular non va saryog' sotib oldilar Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Uzbek
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
siz menga ismingizni ayta olasizmi? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
men sizga pul beraman Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
u unga hat yozdi Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
ular uni kecha ko'rib keldilar Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
u bizga yordam bera oladimi? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
u ularga ovqat berdi Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Uzbek
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
mening ismim maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
sening akang/ukang shu erda yashaydi Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
uning onasi biz uchun taom tayyorlaydi Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
u bo'sh vaqtida kitob o'qiydi Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
bizning orzuimiz parijga sayoxat qilishdir Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
ularning o'yi uncha uzoqda emas Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Uzbek
this is my house
bu mening o'yim Audio
that restaurant is far
u yoqdagi restoran uzoqda joylashgan Audio
these apples are delicious
bu olmalar juda mazali Audio
those stars are shiny
bu yulduzlar yaltiroq Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Uzbek grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Uzbek Phrases   Uzbek Phrases

Uzbek Vocabulary   Uzbek Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus