Russian Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Russian. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Russian.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Russian conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Russian
Pronunciation
I speak English
я говорю по-английски
[ya govoryo po angliyski] Audio
you speak French
вы говорите по-французски
[vi govoritye po-frantzoozski] Audio
he speaks German
он говорит на немецком
[on govorit na nyemyetzkom] Audio
she speaks Italian
она говорит на итальянском
[ona govorit na italʲyanskom] Audio
we speak Arabic
мы говорили по-арабски
[mi govorili po-arabski] Audio
they speak Chinese
они говорят по-китайски
[oni govoryat po-kitayski] Audio

The past tense in Russian conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Russian
Pronunciation
I visited France
я посетил францию
[ya posyetil frantziyo] Audio
you visited Italy
вы посетили италию
[vi posyetili italiyo] Audio
he visited Morocco
он посетил марокко
[on posyetil marokko] Audio
she visited China
она посетила китай
[ona posyetila kitay] Audio
we visited Mexico
мы побывали в мексике
[mi pobivali v myeksikye] Audio
they visited Kenya
они побывали в кении
[oni pobivali v kyenii] Audio

The future tense in Russian conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Russian
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
я буду пить молоко
[ya boodoo pitʲ moloko] Audio
you will drink coffee
вы будете пить кофе
[vi boodyetye pitʲ kofye] Audio
he will drink tea
он будет пить чай
[on boodyet pitʲ chay] Audio
she will drink water
она будет пить воду
[ona boodyet pitʲ vodoo] Audio
we will drink apple juice
мы будем пить яблочный сок
[mi boodyem pitʲ yablochniy sok] Audio
they will drink tea
они будуг пить чай
[oni boodoog pitʲ chay] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
ухо [ookho]
eye
eye Audio
глаз [glaz]
mouth
mouth Audio
рот [rot]
nose
nose Audio
нос [nos]
hair
hair Audio
волосы [volosi]
face
face Audio
лицо [litzo]
head
head Audio
голова [golova]
heart
heart Audio
сердце [syerdtzye]
hand
hand Audio
рука [rooka]
fingers
fingers Audio
пальцы [palʲtzi]
leg
leg Audio
нога [noga]
feet
feet Audio
ноги [nogi]

Travel Phrases in Russian

Imagine yourself in some Russian speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Russian
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
можете ли вы мне помочь?
[moʐyetye li vi mnye pomochʲ?] Audio
Can I help you?
могу ли я вам помочь?
[mogoo li ya vam pomochʲ?] Audio
Where is the airport?
где же аэропорт?
[gdye ʐye aeroport?] Audio
Go straight
идите прямо
[iditye pryamo] Audio
Then
затем
[zatyem] Audio
Turn left
поверните налево
[povyernitye nalyevo] Audio
Turn right
поверните направо
[povyernitye napravo] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Russian was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Russian Vocabulary   Russian Vocabulary

Russian Audio   Russian Audio



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