Russian Nouns

Welcome to the third Russian lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Russian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

potatoes
potatoes Audio
картофель [kartofyelʲ]
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
помидор [pomidor]
onions
onions Audio
лук [look]
carrots
carrots Audio
морковь [morkovʲ]
fruits
fruits Audio
фрукты [frookti]
apples
apples Audio
яблоко [yabloko]
bananas
bananas Audio
банан [banan]
oranges
oranges Audio
апельсин [apyelʲsin]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Russian + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
у вас есть молоко? Audio
[oo vas yestʲ moloko?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
у меня есть молоко и кофе Audio
[oo myenya yestʲ moloko i kofye]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
у него есть три яблока Audio
[oo nyego yestʲ tri yabloka]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
она имеет только одно яблоко Audio
[ona imyeyet tolʲko odno yabloko]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
мы живем в маленьком доме Audio
[mi ʐivyem v malyenʲkom domye]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
мне нравится наш завтрак Audio
[mnye nravitsya nash zavtrak]

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread Audio
хлеб [khlyeb]
milk
milk Audio
молоко [moloko]
butter
butter Audio
сливочное масло [slivochnoye maslo]
cheese
cheese Audio
сыр [sir]
coffee
coffee Audio
кофе [kofye]
sandwich
sandwich Audio
бутерброд [bootyerbrod]
meat
meat Audio
мясо [myaso]
chicken
chicken Audio
курица [kooritza]
fish
fish Audio
рыба [riba]
breakfast
breakfast Audio
завтрак [zavtrak]
lunch
lunch Audio
обед [obyed]
dinner
dinner Audio
обед [obyed]

Conversation in Russian

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Russian
Pronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Russian)?
вы говорите по русски/по английски?
[vi govoritye po roosski/po angliyski?] Audio
Just a little
чуть-чуть
[chootʲ-chootʲ] Audio
I like Russian
я люблю русский
[ya lyoblyo roosskiy] Audio
Can I practice with you?
могу ли я практиковаться с вами?
[mogoo li ya praktikovatʲsya s vami?] Audio
How old are you?
сколько вам лет?
[skolʲko vam lyet?] Audio
I'm thirty three years old
мне тридцать три года
[mnye tridtzatʲ tri goda] Audio
It was nice talking to you
было приятно с вами разговаривать
[bilo priyatno s vami razgovarivayo] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Russian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Russian Adjectives   Russian Adjectives

Russian Plural   Russian Plural



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