Russian Gender

Welcome to the fifth Russian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Russian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man Audio
мужчина [mooʐchina]
woman Audio
женщина [ʐyenshtina]
husband Audio
муж [mooʐ]
wife Audio
жена [ʐyena]
boy Audio
мальчик [malʲchik]
girl Audio
девушка [dyevooshka]
father Audio
отец [otyetz]
mother Audio
мать [matʲ]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Russian + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
мой сын студент Audio
[moy sin stoodyent]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
ее дочь студентка Audio
[yeye dochʲ stoodyentka]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
его брат высокий Audio
[yego brat visokiy]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ее сестра высокая Audio
[yeye syestra visokaya]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
его братья молодые Audio
[yego bratʲya molodiye]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
его сестры молодые Audio
[yego syestri molodiye]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son Audio
сын [sin]
daughter Audio
дочь [dochʲ]
brother Audio
брат [brat]
sister Audio
сестра [syestra]
grandfather Audio
дедушка [dyedooshka]
grandmother Audio
бабушка [babooshka]
child Audio
ребенок [ryebyenok]
children Audio
дети [dyeti]

Expressions in Russian

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Russian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

What do you mean?
что вы имеете в виду?
[chto vi imyeyetye v vidoo?] Audio
I don't understand
не понимаю
[nye ponimayo] Audio
I don't know
я не знаю
[ya nye znayo] Audio
What is that called in Russian?
как это называется по русски?
[kak eto nazivayetsya po roosski?] Audio
What is this?
что это?
[chto eto?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
что означает это слово по-английски?
[chto oznachayet eto slovo po-angliyski?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
[izvinitye] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Russian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Russian Plural   Russian Plural

Russian Numbers   Russian Numbers


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