Oriya Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Oriya. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Oriya.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Oriya conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Oriya
Pronunciation
I speak English
ମୁଁ ଇଂଲିଶ୍ କହିପାରେ
[mum̐ inliś kahipārē]
you speak French
ତୁମେ ଫ୍ରେଞ୍ଚ୍ କୁହ
[tumē phrēñc kuha]
he speaks German
ସେ ଜର୍ମାନ୍ କୁହନ୍ତି
[sē jarmān kuhanti]
she speaks Italian
ସେ ଆରାବିକ୍ କୁହନ୍ତି
[sē ārābik kuhanti]
we speak Arabic
ଆମେ ଆରାବିକ୍ କହୁ
[āmē ārābik kahu]
they speak Chinese
ସେମାନେ ଚାଇନିଜ୍ କୁହନ୍ତି
[sēmānē cā'inij kuhanti]

The past tense in Oriya conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Oriya
Pronunciation
I visited France
ମୁଁ ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ୍ ବୁଲିଛି
[mum̐ phrāns bulichi]
you visited Italy
ତୁମେ ଇଟାଲୀ ବୁଲିଛ
[tumē iṭālī bulicha]
he visited Morocco
ସେ ମୋରୋକ୍କୋ ବୁଲିଛନ୍ତି
[sē mōrōkkō bulichanti]
she visited China
ସେ ଚାଇନା ବୁଲିଛନ୍ତି
[sē cā'inā bulichanti]
we visited Mexico
ଆମେ ମେକ୍ସିକୋ ବୁଲିଛୁ
[āmē mēksikō bulichu]
they visited Kenya
ସେମାନେ କେନିୟା ବୁଲିଛନ୍ତି
[sēmānē kēniẏā bulichanti]

The future tense in Oriya conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Oriya
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
ମୁଁ କ୍ଷୀର ପିଇବି
[mum̐ kṣīra pi'ibi]
you will drink coffee
ତୁମେ କଫୀ ପିଇବ
[tumē kaphī pi'iba]
he will drink tea
ସେ ଚାହା ପିଇବେ
[sē cāhā pi'ibē]
she will drink water
ସେ ପାଣି ପିଇବେ
[sē pāṇi pi'ibē]
we will drink apple juice
ଆମେ ଆପୁଲ୍ ଜୁସ୍ ପିଇବୁ
[āmē āpul jus pi'ibu]
they will drink tea
ସେମାନେ ଚାହା ପିଇବେ
[sēmānē cāhā pi'ibē]

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
କାନ [kāna]
eye
eye
ଆଖି [ākhi]
mouth
mouth
ପାଟି [pāṭi]
nose
nose
ନାକ [nāka]
hair
hair
ବାଳ/ଚୁଟି [bāḷa / cuṭi]
face
face
ମୁହଁ [muham̐]
head
head
ମୁଣ୍ଡ [muṇḍa]
heart
heart
ହୃଦୟ [hr̥daẏa]
hand
hand
ହାତ [hāta]
fingers
fingers
ଆଙ୍ଗୁଠି [āṅguṭhi]
leg
leg
ଗୋଡ [gōḍa]
feet
feet
ପାଦ [pāda]

Travel Phrases in Oriya

Imagine yourself in some Oriya speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Oriya
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
ତୁମେ ମୋତେ ସାହାଯ୍ୟ କରିପାରିବ କି?
[tumē mōtē sāhāyẏa karipāriba ki.]
Can I help you?
ମୁଁ ତୁମକୁ ସାହାଯ୍ୟ କରିପାରେ କି?
[mum̐ tumaku sāhāyẏa karipārē ki.]
Where is the airport?
ଏୟାର୍ ପୋର୍ଟ କୋଉଠି
[ēẏār pōrṭa kō'uṭhi]
Go straight
ସିଧା ଯାଆନ୍ତୁ
[sidhā yā'āntu]
Then
ତା’ପରେ
[tā 'parē]
Turn left
ବାମ ପଟକୁ ବୁଲିବେ
[bāma paṭaku bulibē]
Turn right
ଡାହାଣ ପଟ କୁ ବୁଲିବେ
[ḍ'̔āhāṇa paṭa ku bulibē]

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Oriya was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Oriya Vocabulary   Oriya Vocabulary

Oriya Audio   Oriya Audio



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