Welcome to the fifth Oriya lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Oriya to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
|Grammar + Rules - Oriya + Pronunciation|
|my son is a student|
[masculine + noun] ମୋ ପୁଅ ଜଣେ ଛାତ୍ର ଅଟେ
[mō pu'a jaṇē chātra aṭē]
|her daughter is a student|
[feminine + noun] ତାଙ୍କ ଝିଅ ଜଣେ ଛାତ୍ରୀ ଅଟେ
[tāṅka jhi'a jaṇē chātrī aṭē]
|he has a tall brother|
[adjective + masculine] ତା’ର ଗୋଟିଏ ଡେଙ୍ଗା ଭାଇ ଅଛି
[tā 'ra gōṭi'ē ḍēṅgā bhā'i achi]
|she has a tall sister|
[adjective + feminine] ତା’ର ଗୋଟିଏ ଡେଙ୍ଗା ଭଉଣୀ ଅଛି
[tā 'ra gōṭi'ē ḍēṅgā bha'uṇī achi]
|his brothers are young|
[plural masculine + adjective] ତା’ର ଭାଇ ଯୁବକ ଅଟେ
[tā 'ra bhā'i yubaka aṭē]
|his sisters are young|
[plural feminine + adjective] ତା’ର ଭଉଣୀ ଯୁବତୀ ଅଟେ
[tā 'ra bha'uṇī yubatī aṭē]
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Oriya, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.
|English - Oriya - Pronunciation|
|What do you mean? ଆପଣ କ’ଣ କହିବାକୁ ଚାହାଁନ୍ତି? [āpaṇa ka 'ṇa kahibāku cāhām̐nti.]|
|I don't understand ମୁଁ ବୁଝି ପାରିଲି ନାହିଁ [mum̐ bujhi pārili nāhim̐]|
|I don't know ମୁଁ ଜାଣି ନାହିଁ [mum̐ jāṇi nāhim̐]|
|What is that called in Oriya? ତାକୁ ଓଡ଼ିଆରେ କ’ଣ କୁହନ୍ତି? [tāku ōṛi'ārē ka 'ṇa kuhanti.]|
|What is this? ଏଇଟା କ’ଣ [ē'iṭā ka 'ṇa]|
|What does that word mean in English? ଇଂରାଜୀରେ ଏହାର ଅର୍ଥ କ’ଣ? [inrājīrē ēhāra artha ka 'ṇa.]|
|Sorry (if you made a mistake) କ୍ଷମାକରିବେ [kṣamākaribē]|
I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Oriya. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. To see the full menu, you can also click on the "Menu" icon on the left side.
Inspirational Quote: High achievement always takes place in a framework of high expectation. Jack Kinder