Oriya Plural

Welcome to the fourth Oriya lesson about the plural. This time we will learn about the singular form and what it looks like in the plural, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of emergency phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

book
book
ବହି [bahi]
books
books
ବହିଗୁଡ଼ିକ [bahiguṛika]
car
car
କାର୍ [kār]
cars
cars
କାର୍ ଗୁଡ଼ିକ [kār guṛika]
tree
tree
ଗଛ [gacha]
trees
trees
ଗଛଗୁଡ଼ିକ [gachaguṛika]
flower
flower
ଫୁଲ [phula]
flowers
flowers
ଫୁଲଗୁଡ଼ିକ [phulaguṛika]

Plural Grammar Rules

The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language]. The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look when converted from their singular form.

Grammar + Rules
Oriya + Pronunciation
I speak one language
[singular form]
ମୁଁ ଗୋଟିଏ ଭାଷା କୁହେ
[mum̐ gōṭi'ē bhāṣā kuhē]
we speak three languages
[plural noun]
ଆମେ ତିନୋଟି ଭାଷା କହୁ
[āmē tinōṭi bhāṣā kahu]
he visits many countries
[adverb + plural noun]
ସେ ବହୁତ ଦେଶ ବୁଲିଛନ୍ତି
[sē bahuta dēśa bulichanti]
they are happy now
[plural pronoun]
ସେମାନେ ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନ ଖୁସି ଅଛନ୍ତି
[sēmānē barttamāna khusi achanti]
she has five red shoes
[adjective + plural noun]
ତାଙ୍କ ପାଖରେ ପାଞ୍ଚୋଟି ନାଲି ଜୋତା ଅଛି
[tāṅka pākharē pāñcōṭi nāli jōtā achi]
I want a sandwich without onions
[preposition + plural noun]
ବିନା ପିଆଜରେ ଗୋଟିଏ ସ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡୱିଚ୍ ମୋତେ ଦରକାର
[binā pi'ājarē gōṭi'ē sẏāṇḍaẇic mōtē darakāra]

The following is a list of examples showing both the singular and plural form. This demonstrates how the plural is used with humans, objects and animals.

woman
woman
ମହିଳା [mahiḷā]
women
women
ମହିଳାମାନେ [mahiḷāmānē]
man
man
ପୁରୁଷ [puruṣa]
men
men
ପୁରୁଷମାନେ [puruṣamānē]
house
house
ଘର [ghara]
houses
houses
ଘରଗୁଡ଼ିକ [gharaguṛika]
cup
country
କପ୍ [kap]
cups
countries
କପ୍ ଗୁଡ଼ିକ [kap guṛika]
cow
cow
ଗାଈ [gā'ī]
cows
cows
ଗାଈମାନେ [gā'īmānē]
horse
horse
ଘୋଡ଼ା [ghōṛā]
horses
horses
ଘୋଡ଼ାମାନେ [ghōṛāmānē]

Emergency Phrases

Now it's time to practice your Oriya by looking at these phrases which are related to emergencies. Be prepared when traveling abroad, just in case you need help or by offering help to someone else. I recommend writing these expressions down on a notebook before traveling.

English
Oriya
Pronunciation
Help
ସାହାଯ୍ୟ
[sāhāyẏa]
Call the ambulance
ଆମ୍ବୁଲାନ୍ସ ଡାକନ୍ତୁ
[āmbulānsa ḍākantu]
I need a doctor
ମୋର ଜଣେ ଡାକ୍ତର ଦରକାର
[mōra jaṇē ḍāktara darakāra]
Where is the closest pharmacy?
ପାଖାପାଖି କିଛି ଔଷଧ ଦୋକାନ ଅଛି କି?
[pākhāpākhi kichi auṣadha dōkāna achi ki.]
Are you okay?
ଆପଣ ଠିକ୍ ଅଛନ୍ତି ତ?
[āpaṇa ṭhik achanti ta.]
I am sick
ମୋ ଦେହ ଭଲ ନାହିଁ
[mō dēha bhala nāhim̐]
Call the police
ପୁଲିସକୁ ଡାକନ୍ତୁ
[pulisaku ḍākantu]

Did you enjoy this lesson about the plural in Oriya? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Oriya Nouns   Oriya Nouns

Oriya Gender   Oriya Gender



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