Kurdish Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Kurdish. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Kurdish.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Kurdish conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
I speak English
من بە ئینگلیزی قسە دەکەم
[mn be englizy qse dekem] Audio
you speak French
تۆ بە فەرەنسی قسە دەکەیت
[to be ferensy qse dekeyt] Audio
he speaks German
ئەو بە ئەڵمانی قسە دەکات
[aw be almany qse dekat] Audio
she speaks Italian
ئەو بە ئیتالی قسە دەکات
[aw be etaly qse dekat] Audio
we speak Arabic
ئێمە بە عەرەبی قسە دەکەین
[eme be areby qse dekeyn] Audio
they speak Chinese
ئەوان بە چینی قسە دەکەن
[awan be cheeny qse deken] Audio

The past tense in Kurdish conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
I visited France
من سەردانی فەرەنسام کرد
[mn serdany ferensam krd] Audio
you visited Italy
تۆ سەردانی ئیتاڵیات کرد
[to serdany etalyat krd] Audio
he visited Morocco
ئەو سەردانی مەغربی کرد
[aw serdany meghriby krd] Audio
she visited China
ئەو سەردانی چینی کرد
[aw serdany cheeny krd] Audio
we visited Mexico
ئێمە سەردانی مەکسیکمان کرد
[eme serdany mekseekman krd] Audio
they visited Kenya
ئەوان سەردانی کینیایان کرد
[awan serdany kenyayan krd] Audio

The future tense in Kurdish conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
I will drink milk
من شیر دەخۆمەوە
[mn sheer dekhomewe] Audio
you will drink coffee
تۆ قاوە دەخۆیتەوە
[to qawe dekhoytewe] Audio
he will drink tea
ئەو چا دەخواتەوە
[aw cha dekhwatewe] Audio
she will drink water
ئەو ئاو دەخواتەوە
[aw aw dekhwatewe] Audio
we will drink apple juice
ئێمە شەربەتی سێو دەخۆینەوە
[eme sherbety sew dekhoynewe] Audio
they will drink tea
ئەوان چا دەخۆنەوە
[awan cha dekhonewe] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear Audio
گوێچکه‌ [gwechke]
eye Audio
چاو [chaw]
mouth Audio
ده‌م [dem]
nose Audio
لوت [lwt]
hair Audio
قژ [qzh]
face Audio
ده‌موچاو [dem w chaw]
head Audio
سه‌ر [ser]
heart Audio
دڵ [dl]
hand Audio
ده‌ست [dest]
fingers Audio
په‌نجه‌کان [penjekan]
leg Audio
قاچ [qach]
feet Audio
پێ [pe]

Travel Phrases in Kurdish

Imagine yourself in some Kurdish speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

Can you help me?
تۆ دەتوانیت یارمەتیم بدەیت؟
[to detwaneet yarmeteem bdeyt?] Audio
Can I help you?
من دەتوانم یارمەتیت بدەم؟
[mn detwanm yarmeteet bdem?] Audio
Where is the airport?
فڕۆکەخانەکە لە کوێیە؟
[frokekhaneke le kweye?] Audio
Go straight
ڕێک بڕۆ
[rek bro] Audio
[pashan] Audio
Turn left
بە لای چەپدا پێچ بکەرەوە
[be lay chepda pech bkerewe] Audio
Turn right
بە لای ڕاستدا پێچ بکەرەوە
[be lay rastdapech bkerewe] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Kurdish was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Kurdish Vocabulary   Kurdish Vocabulary

Kurdish Audio   Kurdish Audio


Inspirational Quote: Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do. Goethe