Japanese Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Japanese. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Japanese.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Japanese conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Japanese
Pronunciation
I speak English
私は英語を話します。
[watashi wa eigo o hanashi masu] Audio
you speak French
あなたはフランス語を話します。
[anata wa furansugo o hanashi masu] Audio
he speaks German
彼はドイツ語を話します。
[kare wa doitsu go o hanashi masu] Audio
she speaks Italian
彼女はイタリア語を話します。
[kanojo wa itaria go o hanashi masu] Audio
we speak Arabic
私たちはアラビア語を話します。
[watashi tachi wa arabia go o hanashi masu] Audio
they speak Chinese
彼らは中国語を話します。
[karera wa chuugokugo o hanashi masu] Audio

The past tense in Japanese conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Japanese
Pronunciation
I visited France
私はフランスに行きました。
[watashi wa furansu ni iki mashi ta] Audio
you visited Italy
あなたはイタリアに行きました。
[anata wa itaria ni iki mashi ta] Audio
he visited Morocco
彼はモロッコに行きました。
[kare wa morokko ni iki mashi ta] Audio
she visited China
彼女は中国に行きました。
[kanojo wa chuugoku ni iki mashi ta] Audio
we visited Mexico
私たちはメキシコに行きました。
[watashi tachi wa mekishiko ni iki mashi ta] Audio
they visited Kenya
彼らはケニアに行きました。
[karera wa kenia ni iki mashi ta] Audio

The future tense in Japanese conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Japanese
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
私は牛乳を飲みます。
[watashi wa gyuunyuu o nomi masu] Audio
you will drink coffee
あなたはコーヒーを飲みます。
[anata wa kōhī o nomi masu] Audio
he will drink tea
彼は紅茶を飲みます。
[kare wa koucha o nomi masu] Audio
she will drink water
彼女は水を飲みます。
[kanojo wa mizu o nomi masu] Audio
we will drink apple juice
私たちは、リンゴジュースを飲みます。
[watashi tachi wa, ringo jūsu o nomi masu] Audio
they will drink tea
彼らは紅茶を飲みます。
[karera wa koucha o nomi masu] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
[mimi]
eye
eye Audio
[me]
mouth
mouth Audio
[kuchi]
nose
nose Audio
[hana]
hair
hair Audio
[kami]
face
face Audio
[kao]
head
head Audio
[atama]
heart
heart Audio
心臓 [shinzou]
hand
hand Audio
[te]
fingers
fingers Audio
[yubi]
leg
leg Audio
[ashi]
feet
feet Audio
[ashi]

Travel Phrases in Japanese

Imagine yourself in some Japanese speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Japanese
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
助けてくれますか?
[tasuke te kure masu ka?] Audio
Can I help you?
何かお困りですか?
[nani ka o komari desu ka?] Audio
Where is the airport?
空港はどこですか?
[kuukou wa doko desu ka?] Audio
Go straight
真っ直ぐ行ってください。
[massugu it te kudasai] Audio
Then
それから
[sorekara] Audio
Turn left
左へ曲がってください。
[hidari he magat te kudasai] Audio
Turn right
右へ曲がってください。
[migi he magat te kudasai] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Japanese was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Japanese Vocabulary   Japanese Vocabulary

Japanese Audio   Japanese Audio



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