Japanese Gender

Welcome to the fifth Japanese lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Japanese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man
man Audio
男性 [dansei]
woman
woman Audio
女性 [josei]
husband
husband Audio
[otto]
wife
wife Audio
[tsuma]
boy
boy Audio
少年 [shounen]
girl
girl Audio
少女 [shoujo]
father
father Audio
父親 [chichioya]
mother
mother Audio
母親 [hahaoya]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Japanese + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
私の息子は学生です。 Audio
[watashi no musuko wa gakusei desu]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
彼女の娘さんは学生です。 Audio
[kanojo no musume san wa gakusei desu]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
彼には背の高い兄弟がいます。 Audio
[kare ni wa se no takai kyoudai ga i masu]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
彼女には背の高い姉妹がいます。 Audio
[kanojo ni wa se no takai shimai ga i masu]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
彼の兄弟は、若いです。 Audio
[kare no kyoudai wa, wakai desu]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
彼の姉妹は若いです。 Audio
[kare no shimai wa wakai desu]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
息子 [musuko]
daughter
daughter Audio
[musume]
brother
brother Audio
兄弟 [kyoudai]
sister
sister Audio
姉妹 [shimai]
grandfather
grandfather Audio
祖父 [sofu]
grandmother
grandmother Audio
祖母 [sobo]
child
child Audio
子ども [kodomo]
children
children Audio
子どもたち [kodomo tachi]

Expressions in Japanese

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Japanese, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Japanese
Pronunciation
What do you mean?
どういう意味ですか?
[douiu imi desu ka?] Audio
I don't understand
私には分かりません。
[watashi ni wa wakari mase n] Audio
I don't know
私は知りません。
[watashi wa shiri mase n] Audio
What is that called in Japanese?
日本語でなんといいますか?
[nihongo de nanto ii masu ka?] Audio
What is this?
これは何ですか?
[kore wa nan desu ka?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
その言葉は英語でなんといいますか?
[sono kotoba wa eigo de nanto ii masu ka?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
すみません。
[sumimasen] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Japanese. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Japanese Plural   Japanese Plural

Japanese Numbers   Japanese Numbers



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