Japanese Nouns

Welcome to the third Japanese lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Japanese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

potatoes
potatoes Audio
ジャガイモ [jagaimo]
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
トマト [tomato]
onions
onions Audio
玉葱 [tamanegi]
carrots
carrots Audio
ニンジン [ninjin]
fruits
fruits Audio
フルーツ [furūtsu]
apples
apples Audio
リンゴ [ringo]
bananas
bananas Audio
バナナ [banana]
oranges
oranges Audio
オレンジ [orenji]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Japanese + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
牛乳はありますか? Audio
[gyuunyuu wa ari masu ka?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
牛乳とコーヒーがあります。 Audio
[gyuunyuu to kōhī ga ari masu]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
彼はリンゴを3つ持っています。 Audio
[kare wa ringo o mittsu mot te i masu]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
彼女はリンゴ1つしか持っていません。 Audio
[kanojo wa ringo hitotsu shika mot te i mase n]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
私たちは小さな家に住んでいます。 Audio
[watashi tachi wa chiisana ie ni sun de i masu]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
私は私達の朝食が好きです。 Audio
[watashi wa watashi tachi no choushoku ga suki desu]

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread Audio
パン [pan]
milk
milk Audio
牛乳 [gyuunyuu]
butter
butter Audio
バター [batā]
cheese
cheese Audio
チーズ [chīzu]
coffee
coffee Audio
コーヒー [kōhī]
sandwich
sandwich Audio
サンドイッチ [sandoicchi]
meat
meat Audio
[niku]
chicken
chicken Audio
鶏肉 [toriniku]
fish
fish Audio
[sakana]
breakfast
breakfast Audio
朝ご飯 [asa gohan]
lunch
lunch Audio
昼ご飯 [hiru gohan]
dinner
dinner Audio
晩ご飯 [ban gohan]

Conversation in Japanese

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Japanese
Pronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Japanese)?
(英語・日本語)を話せますか?
[( eigo. nihongo ) o hanase masu ka?] Audio
Just a little
少しだけ。
[sukoshi dake] Audio
I like Japanese
私は日本語が好きです。
[watashi wa nihongo ga suki desu] Audio
Can I practice with you?
練習の相手をしてくれませんか?
[renshuu no aite o shi te kure mase n ka?] Audio
How old are you?
お幾つですか?
[o ikutsu desu ka?] Audio
I'm thirty three years old
私は33歳です。
[watashi wa sanjuusan sai desu] Audio
It was nice talking to you
お話しできてよかったです。
[ohanashi deki te yokat ta desu] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Japanese. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Japanese Adjectives   Japanese Adjectives

Japanese Plural   Japanese Plural



Share

Inspirational Quote: A coward gets scared and quits. A hero gets scared, but still goes on.