Japanese Adjectives

Welcome to the second Japanese lesson about adjectives. This time we will first learn about colors, followed by grammar rules, then weather expressions, finally a conversation in Japanese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

black
black Audio
黒い [kuroi]
grey
grey Audio
灰色の [haiiro no]
white
white Audio
白い [shiroi]
blue
blue Audio
青い [aoi]
green
green Audio
緑の [midori no]
yellow
yellow Audio
黄色い [kiiroi]
red
red Audio
赤い [akai]
brown
brown Audio
茶色い [chairoi]

Adjectives Grammar Rules

In general adjectives are words which describe or modify another person or object in a given sentence. For example: a beautiful flower the adjective is [beautiful] because it describes the noun [flower]. The following examples use adjectives in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar Rules
Japanese + Pronunciation
my house is white
[noun + adjective]
私の家は白いです。 Audio
[watashi no ie wa shiroi desu]
your country is big
[noun + adjective]
あなたの国は大きいです。 Audio
[anata no kuni wa ookii desu]
new books are expensive
[plural + adjective]
新しい本は高価です。 Audio
[atarashii hon wa kouka desu]
we are happy here
[pronoun + verb + adjective]
私たちはここで幸せにしています。 Audio
[watashi tachi wa koko de shiawase ni shi te i masu]
she has three small dogs
[adjective + plural]
彼女は3匹の小さな犬を飼っています。 Audio
[kanojo wa san biki no chiisana inu o kat te i masu]
this language is very easy
[adverb + adjective]
この言語は非常に易しいです。 Audio
[kono gengo wa hijou ni yasashii desu]
I have a small green house
[adjective + adjective]
私は小さな温室を持っています。 Audio
[watashi wa chiisana onshitsu o mot te i masu]

We're not done yet! The following is a list of more adjectives for you, often used when referring to weather conditions. I think it would be wise to memorize them.

cold
cold Audio
冷たい [tsumetai]
hot
hot Audio
熱い [atsui]
cloudy
cloudy Audio
曇った [kumot ta]
rainy
rainy Audio
雨降りの [amefuri no]
snowy
snowy Audio
雪の多い [yuki no ooi]
sunny
sunny Audio
日のよく照る [hi no yoku teru]
windy
windy Audio
風の強い [kaze no tsuyoi]
warm
warm Audio
暖かい [atatakai]

Conversation in Japanese

Now we finally reach the most exciting part, the practice of the daily expressions used in almost every conversation. I recommend memorizing these phrases, because you will need them for sure.

English
Japanese
Pronunciation
hi
こんにちは
[konnichiwa] Audio
how are you?
お元気ですか?
[o genki desu ka?] Audio
I'm good, thank you
はい、元気です。
[hai, genki desu] Audio
and you?
あなたは?
[anata wa?] Audio
what is your name?
お名前は何ですか?
[o namae wa nan desu ka?] Audio
my name is Maya
私の名前はマヤです。
[watashi no namae wa maya desu] Audio
nice to meet you
どうぞよろしく。
[douzo yoroshiku] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about adjectives in Japanese. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below.

Japanese Alphabet   Japanese Alphabet

Japanese Nouns   Japanese Nouns



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