Chinese Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Chinese. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Chinese.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Chinese conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Chinese
Pronunciation
I speak English
我讲英文
[wǒ jiǎng yīng wén] Audio
you speak French
你讲法语
[nǐ jiǎng fǎ yǔ] Audio
he speaks German
他说德语
[tā shuō;shuì dé yǔ] Audio
she speaks Italian
她讲意大利语
[tā jiǎng yì dà lì yǔ] Audio
we speak Arabic
我们讲阿拉伯语
[wǒ men jiǎng ā lā bǎi yǔ] Audio
they speak Chinese
他们说中国话
[tā mén shuō zhōng guó huà] Audio

The past tense in Chinese conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Chinese
Pronunciation
I visited France
我访问了法国
[wǒ fǎng wèn le fǎ guó] Audio
you visited Italy
您访问了意大利
[nín fǎng wèn le yì dà lì] Audio
he visited Morocco
他访问了摩洛哥
[tā fǎng wèn le mó luò gē] Audio
she visited China
她访问了中国
[tā fǎng wèn le zhōng guó] Audio
we visited Mexico
我们访问了墨西哥
[wǒ men fǎng wèn le mò xī gē] Audio
they visited Kenya
他们访问了肯尼亚
[tā men fǎng wèn le kěn ní yà] Audio

The future tense in Chinese conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Chinese
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
我会喝牛奶
[wǒ huì hē niú nǎi] Audio
you will drink coffee
你会喝咖啡
[nǐ huì hē kā fēi] Audio
he will drink tea
他将喝茶
[tā jiāng hē chá] Audio
she will drink water
她会喝水
[tā huì hē shuǐ] Audio
we will drink apple juice
我们会喝苹果汁
[wǒ men huì hē píng guǒ zhī] Audio
they will drink tea
他们将喝茶
[tā men jiāng hē chá] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
耳朵 [ěr duǒ]
eye
eye Audio
[yǎn]
mouth
mouth Audio
[kǒu]
nose
nose Audio
鼻子 [bí zi]
hair
hair Audio
头发 [tóu fā]
face
face Audio
[liǎn]
head
head Audio
[tóu]
heart
heart Audio
心脏 [xīn zàng]
hand
hand Audio
[shǒu]
fingers
fingers Audio
手指 [shǒu zhǐ]
leg
leg Audio
[tuǐ]
feet
feet Audio
[jiǎo]

Travel Phrases in Chinese

Imagine yourself in some Chinese speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Chinese
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
你能帮助我吗?
[nǐ néng bāng zhù wǒ ma?] Audio
Can I help you?
我可以帮你吗?
[wǒ kě yǐ bāng nǐ ma?] Audio
Where is the airport?
机场在哪里?
[jī chǎng zài nǎ lǐ?] Audio
Go straight
直行
[zhí xíng] Audio
Then
然后
[rán hòu] Audio
Turn left
左转
[zuǒ zhuǎi] Audio
Turn right
右转
[yòu zhuǎi] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Chinese was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Chinese Vocabulary   Chinese Vocabulary

Chinese Audio   Chinese Audio



Share

Inspirational Quote: Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do. Goethe