Welcome to the fifth Chinese lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Chinese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.
男人 [nán rén]
女人 [nǚ rén]
丈夫 [zhàng fū]
妻子 [qī zǐ]
男孩 [nán hái]
女孩 [nǚ hái]
父亲 [fù qīn]
母亲 [mǔ qīn]
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
|Grammar + Rules - Chinese + Pronunciation|
|my son is a student|
[masculine + noun] 我的儿子是学生 [wǒ de ér zi shì xué shēng]
|her daughter is a student|
[feminine + noun] 她的女儿是一个学生 [tā de nǚ ér shì yī gè xué shēng]
|he has a tall brother|
[adjective + masculine] 他有一个高大的哥哥 [tā yǒu yī gè gāo dà de gē gē]
|she has a tall sister|
[adjective + feminine] 她有一个高大的妹妹 [tā yǒu yī gè gāo dà de mèi mèi]
|his brothers are young|
[plural masculine + adjective] 他的兄弟们都很年轻 [tā de xiōng dì men dōu hěn nián qīng]
|his sisters are young|
[plural feminine + adjective] 他的姐妹们都很年轻 [tā de jiě mèi men dōu hěn nián qīng]
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
儿子 [ér zi]
女儿 [nǚ ér]
祖父 [zǔ fù]
祖母 [zǔ mǔ]
孩子 [hái zi]
儿童 [ér tóng]
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Chinese, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.
|English - Chinese - Pronunciation|
|What do you mean? 你是什么意思？ [nǐ shì shén shí shén me yì si?]|
|I don't understand 我不明白 [wǒ bù míng bái]|
|I don't know 我不知道 [wǒ bù zhī dào]|
|What is that called in Chinese? 那个用中文怎么说？ [nà gè yòng zhōng wén zěn me shuō?]|
|What is this? 这是什么？ [zhè shì shén mē?]|
|What does that word mean in English? 这个字在英语里是什么意思？ [zhè gè zì zài yīng yǔ lǐ shì shén me yì si?]|
|Sorry (if you made a mistake) 抱歉 [bào qiàn]|
I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Chinese. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. To see the full menu, you can also click on the "Menu" icon on the left side.
Inspirational Quote: High achievement always takes place in a framework of high expectation. Jack Kinder