Chinese Gender

Welcome to the fifth Chinese lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Chinese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man
man Audio
男人 [nán rén]
woman
woman Audio
女人 [nǚ rén]
husband
husband Audio
丈夫 [zhàng fū]
wife
wife Audio
妻子 [qī zǐ]
boy
boy Audio
男孩 [nán hái]
girl
girl Audio
女孩 [nǚ hái]
father
father Audio
父亲 [fù qīn]
mother
mother Audio
母亲 [mǔ qīn]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Chinese + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
我的儿子是学生 Audio
[wǒ de ér zi shì xué shēng]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
她的女儿是一个学生 Audio
[tā de nǚ ér shì yī gè xué shēng]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
他有一个高大的哥哥 Audio
[tā yǒu yī gè gāo dà de gē gē]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
她有一个高大的妹妹 Audio
[tā yǒu yī gè gāo dà de mèi mèi]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
他的兄弟们都很年轻 Audio
[tā de xiōng dì men dōu hěn nián qīng]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
他的姐妹们都很年轻 Audio
[tā de jiě mèi men dōu hěn nián qīng]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
儿子 [ér zi]
daughter
daughter Audio
女儿 [nǚ ér]
brother
brother Audio
[xiōng]
sister
sister Audio
[jiě]
grandfather
grandfather Audio
祖父 [zǔ fù]
grandmother
grandmother Audio
祖母 [zǔ mǔ]
child
child Audio
孩子 [hái zi]
children
children Audio
儿童 [ér tóng]

Expressions in Chinese

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Chinese, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Chinese
Pronunciation
What do you mean?
你是什​​么意思?
[nǐ shì shén shí shén me yì si?] Audio
I don't understand
我不明白
[wǒ bù míng bái] Audio
I don't know
我不知道
[wǒ bù zhī dào] Audio
What is that called in Chinese?
那个用中文怎么说?
[nà gè yòng zhōng wén zěn me shuō?] Audio
What is this?
这是什么?
[zhè shì shén mē?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
这个字在英语里是什么意思?
[zhè gè zì zài yīng yǔ lǐ shì shén me yì si?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
抱歉
[bào qiàn] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Chinese. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Chinese Plural   Chinese Plural

Chinese Numbers   Chinese Numbers



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