Chinese Nouns

Welcome to the third Chinese lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Chinese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

potatoes
potatoes Audio
土豆 [tǔ dòu]
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
蕃茄 [fān qié]
onions
onions Audio
洋葱 [yáng cōng]
carrots
carrots Audio
胡萝卜 [hú luó bo]
fruits
fruits Audio
水果 [shuǐ guǒ]
apples
apples Audio
苹果 [píng guǒ]
bananas
bananas Audio
香蕉 [xiāng jiāo]
oranges
oranges Audio
桔子 [jú zi]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Chinese + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
你有牛奶吗? Audio
[nǐ yǒu niú nǎi ma?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
我有牛奶和咖啡 Audio
[wǒ yǒu niú nǎi hé kā fēi]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
他有三个苹果 Audio
[tā yǒu sān gè píng guǒ]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
她只有一个苹果 Audio
[tā zhǐ yǒu yī gè píng guǒ]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
我们住在一间小房子里 Audio
[wǒ men zhù zài yī jiān xiǎo fáng zi lǐ]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
我喜欢我们的早餐 Audio
[wǒ xǐ huān wǒ men de zǎo cān]

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread Audio
面包 [miàn bāo]
milk
milk Audio
牛奶 [niú nǎi]
butter
butter Audio
黄油 [huáng yóu]
cheese
cheese Audio
奶酪 [nǎi lào]
coffee
coffee Audio
咖啡 [kā fēi]
sandwich
sandwich Audio
三明治 [sān míng zhì]
meat
meat Audio
[ròu]
chicken
chicken Audio
鸡肉 [jī ròu]
fish
fish Audio
鱼肉 [yú ròu]
breakfast
breakfast Audio
早餐 [zǎo cān]
lunch
lunch Audio
午餐 [wǔ cān]
dinner
dinner Audio
晚餐 [wǎn cān]

Conversation in Chinese

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Chinese
Pronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Chinese)?
你会讲英语/中文吗?
[nǐ huì jiǎng yīng yǔ/ zhōng wén ma?] Audio
Just a little
一点点
[yī diǎn diǎn] Audio
I like Chinese
我喜欢中文
[wǒ xǐ huān zhōng wén] Audio
Can I practice with you?
我可以和你练习吗?
[wǒ kě yǐ hé nǐ liàn xí ma?] Audio
How old are you?
你多大了?
[nǐ duō dà liào?] Audio
I'm thirty three years old
我三十三岁
[wǒ sān shí sān suì] Audio
It was nice talking to you
真的很高兴和你说话
[zhēn de hěn gāo xìng hé nǐ shuō huà] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Chinese. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Chinese Adjectives   Chinese Adjectives

Chinese Plural   Chinese Plural



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