Chinese Numbers

Welcome to the sixth Chinese lesson about numbers. This time we will learn about cardinal and ordinal numbers, followed by grammar rules, then animal names, finally a conversation in Chinese to help you practice your daily phrases. Click on the sound icon to hear the words.

Cardinal and Ordinal
Chinese
Pronunciation
one
[yī] Audio
first
第一
[dì yī] Audio
two
[èr] Audio
second
第二
[dì èr] Audio
three
[sān] Audio
third
第三
[dì sān] Audio
four
[sì] Audio
fourth
第四
[dì sì] Audio
five
[wǔ] Audio
fifth
第五
[dì wǔ] Audio
six
[liù] Audio
sixth
第六
[dì liù] Audio
seven
[qī] Audio
seventh
第七
[dì qī] Audio
eight
[bā] Audio
eighth
第八
[dì bā] Audio
nine
[jiǔ] Audio
ninth
第九
[dì jiǔ] Audio
ten
[shí] Audio
tenth
第十
[dì shí] Audio
eleven
十一
[shí yī] Audio
eleventh
第十一
[dì shí yī] Audio
twelve
十二
[shí èr] Audio
twelfth
第十二
[dì shí èr] Audio
thirteen
十三
[shí sān] Audio
thirteenth
第十三
[dì shí sān] Audio
fourteen
十四
[shí sì] Audio
once
一次
[yī cì] Audio
fifteen
十五
[shí wǔ] Audio
twice
两次
[liǎng cì] Audio
sixteen
十六
[shí liù] Audio
Monday
星期一
[xīng qī yī] Audio
seventeen
十七
[shí qī] Audio
Tuesday
星期二
[xīng qī èr] Audio
eighteen
十八
[shí bā] Audio
Wednesday
星期三
[xīng qī sān] Audio
nineteen
十九
[shí jiǔ] Audio
Thursday
星期四
[xīng qī sì] Audio
twenty
二十
[èr shí] Audio
Friday
星期五
[xīng qī wǔ] Audio
seventy one
七十一
[qī shí yī] Audio
Saturday
星期六
[xīng qī liù] Audio
one hundred
一百
[yī bǎi] Audio
Sunday
星期日
[xīng qī rì] Audio

Numbers Grammar Rules

Chinese cardinal numbers refer to the counting numbers, because they show quantity. For example: I speak two languages. Ordinal numbers on the other hand tell the order of things and their rank: my first language is Chinese. The examples below use numbers in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Chinese + Pronunciation
I have three dogs
[number + noun]
我有三只狗 Audio
[wǒ yǒu sān zhǐ gǒu]
my daughter has two cats
[number + noun]
我的女儿有两只猫 Audio
[wǒ de nǚ ér yǒu liǎng zhī māo]
she speaks seven languages
[verb + number]
她讲7种语言 Audio
[tā jiǎng7 zhǒng yǔ yán]
my brother has one son
[number + singular noun]
我哥哥有一子 Audio
[wǒ gē gē yǒu yī zǐ]
this is my second lesson
[ordinal number + noun]
这是我的第二节课 Audio
[zhè shì wǒ de dì èr jié kè]
did you read the third book?
[ordinal number + noun]
你读了第三本书吗? Audio
[nǐ dú le dì sān běn shū ma?]

We're not done yet! The following is a list of animals.

cow
cow Audio
奶牛 [nǎi niú]
goat
goat Audio
山羊 [shān yáng]
donkey
donkey Audio
[lǚ]
horse
horse Audio
[mǎ]
dog
dog Audio
[gǒu]
cat
cat Audio
[māo]
mouse
mouse Audio
老鼠 [lǎo shǔ]
bird
bird Audio
[niǎo]

Conversation in Chinese

Now we finally reach the last part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Chinese
Pronunciation
Where are you from?
你从哪儿来?
[nǐ cōng nǎ er lái?] Audio
I'm from the U.S
我从美国来
[wǒ cōng měi guó lái] Audio
I'm American
我是美国人
[wǒ shì měi guó rén] Audio
Where do you live?
你住在哪里?
[nǐ zhù zài nǎ lǐ?] Audio
I live in the U.S
我住在美国
[wǒ zhù zài měi guó] Audio
What do you do for a living?
您做什么工作?
[nín zuò shén mē gōng zuò?] Audio
I'm a student
我是学生
[wǒ shì xué shēng] Audio

Did you enjoy this lesson about numbers in Chinese? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Chinese Gender   Chinese Gender

Chinese Phrases   Chinese Phrases



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