Cantonese Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Cantonese. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Cantonese.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Cantonese conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Cantonese
Pronunciation
I speak English
我會講英文
[ngo5 kui2 gong2 jing1 man4] Audio
you speak French
你會講法文
[nei5 kui2 gong2 faat3 man4] Audio
he speaks German
他會講德文
[taa1 kui2 gong2 dak1 man4] Audio
she speaks Italian
她會講意大利文
[ji1 kui2 gong2 ji3 daai6 lei6 man4] Audio
we speak Arabic
我們會講阿拉伯文
[ngo5 mun4 kui2 gong2 aa2 laa1 baa3 man4] Audio
they speak Chinese
他們會講中文
[taa1 mun4 kui2 gong2 zung1 man4] Audio

The past tense in Cantonese conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Cantonese
Pronunciation
I visited France
我去過法國
[ngo5 heoi2 gwo1 faat3 gwok3] Audio
you visited Italy
你去過意大利
[nei5 heoi2 gwo1 ji3 daai6 lei6] Audio
he visited Morocco
他去過摩洛哥
[taa1 heoi2 gwo1 mo1 lok3 go1] Audio
she visited China
她去過中國
[ji1 heoi2 gwo1 zung1 gwok3] Audio
we visited Mexico
我們去過墨西哥
[ngo5 mun4 heoi2 gwo1 mak6 sai1 go1] Audio
they visited Kenya
他們去過肯雅
[taa1 mun4 heoi2 gwo1 hang2 aa1] Audio

The future tense in Cantonese conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Cantonese
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
我將會飲牛奶
[ngo5 zoeng1 kui2 jam2 ngau4 naai1] Audio
you will drink coffee
你將會飲咖啡
[nei5 zoeng1 kui2 jam2 gaa1 fe1] Audio
he will drink tea
他將會飲茶
[taa1 zoeng1 kui2 jam2 caa4] Audio
she will drink water
她將會飲水
[ji1 zoeng1 kui2 jam2 seoi2] Audio
we will drink apple juice
我們將會飲蘋果汁
[ngo5 mun4 zoeng1 kui2 jam2 pan4 gu2 zap1] Audio
they will drink tea
他們將會飲茶
[taa1 mun4 zoeng1 kui2 jam2 caa4] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
耳朵 [ji5 do2]
eye
eye Audio
眼睛 [ngaan5 zing1]
mouth
mouth Audio
[hau2]
nose
nose Audio
[bei6]
hair
hair Audio
頭髮 [tau4 faat3]
face
face Audio
[lim5]
head
head Audio
[tau4]
heart
heart Audio
[sam1]
hand
hand Audio
[sau2]
fingers
fingers Audio
手指 [sau2 zi2]
leg
leg Audio
[teoi2]
feet
feet Audio
[goek3]

Travel Phrases in Cantonese

Imagine yourself in some Cantonese speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Cantonese
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
你能幫我嗎?
[nei5 nang4 bong1 ngo5 maa1] Audio
Can I help you?
我可以幫你嗎?
[ngo5 ho2 ji5 bong1 nei5 maa1] Audio
Where is the airport?
[] Audio
Go straight
直行
[ zik6 haang4] Audio
Then
然後
[jin4 hau6] Audio
Turn left
向左轉
[hoeng3 zo2 zyun2] Audio
Turn right
向右轉
[hoeng3 jau6 zyun2] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Cantonese was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Cantonese Vocabulary   Cantonese Vocabulary

Cantonese Audio   Cantonese Audio



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