Cantonese Gender

Welcome to the fifth Cantonese lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Cantonese to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man
man Audio
男人 [naam4 jan4]
woman
woman Audio
女人 [jyu5 jan4]
husband
husband Audio
丈夫 [zoeng6 fu1]
wife
wife Audio
妻子 [cai1 zi2]
boy
boy Audio
男孩 [naam4 haai4]
girl
girl Audio
女孩 [jyu5 haai4]
father
father Audio
爸爸 [baa1 baa1]
mother
mother Audio
媽媽 [maa1 maa1]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Cantonese + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
我的兒子是個學生 Audio
[ngo5 di1 ji4 zi2 si6 go3 hok6 saang1]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
我的女兒是個學生 Audio
[ngo5 di1 jyu5 ji4 si6 go3 hok6 saang1]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
他有一個很高的哥哥/弟弟 Audio
[taa1 jau5 jat1 go3 han2 gou1 di1 go1 go1 dai6 dai6]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
她有一個很高的姊姊/妹妹 Audio
[ji1 jau5 jat1 go3 han2 gou1 di1 ze2 ze2 mui6 mui6]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
他的兄弟很年青 Audio
[taa1 di1 hing1 dai6 han2 nin4 ceng1]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
他的姊妹很年青 Audio
[taa1 di1 ze2 mui6 han2 nin4 ceng1]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
兒子 [ji4 zi2]
daughter
daughter Audio
女兒 [jyu5 ji4]
brother
brother Audio
兄弟 [hing1 dai6]
sister
sister Audio
姐姊妹 [ze2 mui6]
grandfather
grandfather Audio
祖父, 外祖父 [zou2 fu2 ngoi6 zou2 fu2]
grandmother
grandmother Audio
祖母, 外祖母 [zou2 mou5 ngoi6 zou2 mou5]
child
child Audio
孩子 [haai4 zi2]
children
children Audio
孩子們 [haai4 zi2 mun4]

Expressions in Cantonese

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Cantonese, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Cantonese
Pronunciation
What do you mean?
你是什麼意思?
[nei5 si6 sam6 maa1 ji3 si1] Audio
I don't understand
我不明白!
[ngo5 bat1 ming4 baak6] Audio
I don't know
我不知道!
[ngo5 bat1 zi1 dou3] Audio
What is that called in Cantonese?
那個用廣府(東)話怎麼說?
[na6 go3 jung6 gwong2 fu2 dung1 waa2 zam2 maa1 jyut6] Audio
What is this?
這是什麼?
[ze2 si6 sam6 maa1] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
那個字英文是什麼意思?
[na6 go3 zi6 jing1 man4 si6 sam6 maa1 ji3 si1] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
對不起(一個錯誤)
[deoi3 bat1 hei2 jat1 go3 co3 ng6] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Cantonese. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Cantonese Plural   Cantonese Plural

Cantonese Numbers   Cantonese Numbers



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