Yiddish Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Yiddish. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Yiddish.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Yiddish conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Yiddish
I speak English
איך רעד ענגליש
you speak French
דו רעדסט פראנצייזיש
he speaks German
ער רעדט דײַטש
she speaks Italian
זי רעדט איטאַליעניש
we speak Arabic
מיר רעדן אַראַביש
they speak Chinese
זיי רעדן כינעזיש

The past tense in Yiddish conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Yiddish
I visited France
איך האָב באזוכט פֿראַנקרײַך
you visited Italy
דו האָסט באזוכט איטאליע
he visited Morocco
ער הוט באזוכט מאָראָקקאָ
she visited China
זי באזוכט כינע
we visited Mexico
מיר האָבן באזוכט מעקסיקאָ
they visited Kenya
זיי האָבען באזוכט קעניאַ

The future tense in Yiddish conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Yiddish
I will drink milk
איך וועל טרינקען מילך
you will drink coffee
איר וועט טרינקען קאַווע
he will drink tea
ער וועט טרינקען טיי
she will drink water
זי וועט טרינקען וואַסער
we will drink apple juice
מיר וועלן טרינקען עפּל זאַפט
they will drink tea
זיי וועלן טרינקען טיי

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
אויר
eye
eye
אויגען
mouth
mouth
מויל
nose
nose
נאָז
hair
hair
האָר
face
face
פאנים
head
head
קאָפּ
heart
heart
האַרץ
hand
hand
האַנט
fingers
fingers
פינגער
leg
leg
פוס
feet
feet
פֿיס

Travel Phrases in Yiddish

Imagine yourself in some Yiddish speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Yiddish
Can you help me?
קענט איר מיר העלפן?
Can I help you?
קען איך אײַך העלפן?
Where is the airport?
ווו איז דער אַעראָפּאָרט?
Go straight
גיי גראָד
Then
דעמאָלט
Turn left
דרייַ לינקס
Turn right
דרייַ רעכט

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Yiddish was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Yiddish Vocabulary   Yiddish Vocabulary

Yiddish Audio   Yiddish Audio



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