Romanian Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Romanian grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Romanian and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Romanian and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Romanian.

Prepositions
Romanian
and
şi Audio
above
deasupra Audio
under
sub Audio
before
înainte Audio
after
după Audio
in front of
în faţa Audio
behind
în spatele Audio
far from
departe de Audio
near
lângă Audio
in
în Audio
inside
în interiorul Audio
outside
în exteriorul Audio
with
cu Audio
without
fără Audio
about
despre Audio
between
între Audio
but
dar Audio
for
pentru Audio
from
de la Audio
to
pentru Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Romanian
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
mănânc fără cuţit Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
ea trăieşte în apropierea bisericii Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
el este mai înalt decât ea Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
el a venit cu câinele său mic Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
poţi veni cu mine? Audio

Negation in Romanian

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Romanian
I understand you
[affirmative form]
te-am înţeles Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
eu nu te înţeleg Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
acesta nu este cuvântul corect Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
nu mă lăsa Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
nicio problemă Audio

Negative Sentences
Romanian
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
eu nu vorbesc limba franceză Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
ea nu a vizitat Germania Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
el nu ne poate vedea Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
ea nu poate juca şah? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
noi nu vom veni târziu Audio

Questions in Romanian

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Romanian
how?
cum? Audio
what?
ce? Audio
who?
cine? Audio
why?
de ce? Audio
where?
unde? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Romanian
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
unde locuiţi? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
ea vorbeşte chineza? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
cât costă aceasta? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
pot să te ajut? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
care este numele tău? Audio

Adverbs in Romanian

It's time to learn the adverbs in Romanian. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Romanian
now
acum Audio
yesterday
ieri Audio
today
astăzi Audio
tonight
în seara aceasta Audio
tomorrow
mâine Audio
soon
în curând Audio
quickly
repede Audio
slowly
încet Audio
together
împreună Audio
very
foarte Audio
almost
aproape Audio
always
mereu Audio
usually
de obicei Audio
sometimes
uneori Audio
rarely
rareori Audio
never
niciodată Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Romanian
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
m-ai înţeles acum? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
am nevoie de ajutor imediat Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
ea este foarte inteligentă Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
eu te voi iubi mereu Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
putem învăţa limba germana împreună? Audio

Pronouns in Romanian

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Romanian. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Romanian
I
eu Audio
you
tu Audio
he
el Audio
she
ea Audio
we
noi Audio
they
ei Audio

Object Pronouns
Romanian
me
pe mine /mie/îmi/-mi Audio
you
pe tine/ţie/îţi/ţi Audio
him
pe el/lui/îi/i- Audio
her
pe ea/ei/îi/i- Audio
us
pe noi/ne/nouă Audio
them
pe ei/ pe ele/le Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Romanian
my
meu/mea Audio
your
tău/ta Audio
his
lui Audio
her
ei Audio
our
nostru/noastră/noştri/noastre Audio
their
lor Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Romanian
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
eu sunt prietenul tău Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
vorbiţi foarte repede Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
el are trei câini Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
ea poate vorbi limba germană Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
noi nu vom veni târziu Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
ei au cumpărat lapte şi pâine Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Romanian
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
pot să-mi spui numele tău? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
eu vă voi da bani Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
ea i-a scris o scrisoare Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
aceştia au vizitat-o ​​ieri Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
ea ne poate ajuta? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
el le-a dat mâncare Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Romanian
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
numele meu este Maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
fratele tău trăieşte aici Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
mama ei găteşte pentru noi Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
hobby-ul său este cititul cărţilor Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
visul nostru este de a vizita Parisul Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
casa lor nu este departe Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Romanian
this is my house
aceasta este casa mea Audio
that restaurant is far
acest restaurant este departe Audio
these apples are delicious
aceste mere sunt delicioase Audio
those stars are shiny
acele stele sunt strălucitoare Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Romanian grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Romanian Phrases   Romanian Phrases

Romanian Vocabulary   Romanian Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus