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Romanian Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Romanian grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Romanian and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Romanian and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Romanian.

Prepositions - Romanian
and şi Audio
above deasupra Audio
under sub Audio
before înainte Audio
after după Audio
in front of în faţa Audio
behind în spatele Audio
far from departe de Audio
near lângă Audio
in în Audio
inside în interiorul Audio
outside în exteriorul Audio
with cu Audio
without fără Audio
about despre Audio
between între Audio
but dar Audio
for pentru Audio
from de la Audio
to pentru Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules - Romanian
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun] mănânc fără cuţit Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition] ea trăieşte în apropierea bisericii Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition] el este mai înalt decât ea Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun] el a venit cu câinele său mic Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun] poţi veni cu mine? Audio

Negation in Romanian

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules - Romanian
I understand you
[affirmative form] te-am înţeles Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb] eu nu te înţeleg Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective] acesta nu este cuvântul corect Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation] nu mă lăsa Audio
no problem
[negation + noun] nicio problemă Audio

Negative Sentences - Romanian
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense] eu nu vorbesc limba franceză Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense] ea nu a vizitat Germania Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb] el nu ne poate vedea Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation] ea nu poate juca şah? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense] noi nu vom veni târziu Audio

Questions in Romanian

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English - Romanian
how? cum? Audio
what? ce? Audio
who? cine? Audio
why? de ce? Audio
where? unde? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules - Romanian
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb] unde locuiţi? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb] ea vorbeşte chineza? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition] cât costă aceasta? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb] pot să te ajut? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition] care este numele tău? Audio

Adverbs in Romanian

It's time to learn the adverbs in Romanian. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs - Romanian
now acum Audio
yesterday ieri Audio
today astăzi Audio
tonight în seara aceasta Audio
tomorrow mâine Audio
soon în curând Audio
quickly repede Audio
slowly încet Audio
together împreună Audio
very foarte Audio
almost aproape Audio
always mereu Audio
usually de obicei Audio
sometimes uneori Audio
rarely rareori Audio
never niciodată Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules - Romanian
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb] m-ai înţeles acum? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb] am nevoie de ajutor imediat Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective] ea este foarte inteligentă Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb] eu te voi iubi mereu Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question] putem învăţa limba germana împreună? Audio

Pronouns in Romanian

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Romanian. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns - Romanian
I eu Audio
you tu Audio
he el Audio
she ea Audio
we noi Audio
they ei Audio

Object Pronouns - Romanian
me pe mine /mie/îmi/-mi Audio
you pe tine/ţie/îţi/ţi Audio
him pe el/lui/îi/i- Audio
her pe ea/ei/îi/i- Audio
us pe noi/ne/nouă Audio
them pe ei/ pe ele/le Audio

Possessive Pronouns - Romanian
my meu/mea Audio
your tău/ta Audio
his lui Audio
her ei Audio
our nostru/noastră/noştri/noastre Audio
their lor Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns - Romanian
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb] eu sunt prietenul tău Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb] vorbiţi foarte repede Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb] el are trei câini Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb] ea poate vorbi limba germană Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun] noi nu vom veni târziu Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun] ei au cumpărat lapte şi pâine Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns - Romanian
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun] pot să-mi spui numele tău? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun] eu vă voi da bani Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun] ea i-a scris o scrisoare Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun] aceştia au vizitat-o ​​ieri Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun] ea ne poate ajuta? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun] el le-a dat mâncare Audio

Possessive Pronouns - Romanian
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun] numele meu este Maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun] fratele tău trăieşte aici Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun] mama ei găteşte pentru noi Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun] hobby-ul său este cititul cărţilor Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun] visul nostru este de a vizita Parisul Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun] casa lor nu este departe Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns - Romanian
this is my house aceasta este casa mea Audio
that restaurant is far acest restaurant este departe Audio
these apples are delicious aceste mere sunt delicioase Audio
those stars are shiny acele stele sunt strălucitoare Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Romanian grammar in this lesson. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus

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