Korean Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Korean. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Korean.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Korean conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Korean
Pronunciation
I speak English
저는 영어를 합니다
[jeoneun yeongeoreul hamnida]
you speak French
당신은 프랑스어를 합니다
[tangshineun peurangseu-eoreul hamnida]
he speaks German
그는 독어를 합니다
[keuneun do-georeul hamnida]
she speaks Italian
그녀는 이탈리어를 합니다
[keunyeoneun italliyeoreul hamnida]
we speak Arabic
우리는 아랍어를 합니다
[urineun arabeoreul hamnida]
they speak Chinese
그들은 중국어를 합니다
[keudeu-reun junggugeoreul hamnida]

The past tense in Korean conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Korean
Pronunciation
I visited France
전 프랑스를 방문했습니다
[jeon peurangseureul bangmunhaessseumnida]
you visited Italy
당신은 이탈리아를 방문했습니다
[tangshineun italliareul bangmunhaessseumnida]
he visited Morocco
그는 모로코를 방문했습니다
[keuneun morogoreul bangmunhaessseumnida]
she visited China
그녀는 중국을 방문했습니다
[keunyeoneun junggugeul bangmunhaessseumnida]
we visited Mexico
우리는 멕시코를 방문했습니다
[urineun mekshigoreul bangmunhaessseumnida]
they visited Kenya
그들은 케냐를 방문했습니다
[keudeu-reun genyareul bangmunhaessseumnida]

The future tense in Korean conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Korean
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
저는 우유를 마실 것입니다
[jeoneun uyureul mashil geo-shimnida]
you will drink coffee
당신은 커피를 마실 것입니다
[tangshineun geopireul mashil geo-shimnida]
he will drink tea
그는 차를 마실 것입니다
[keuneun chareul mashil geo-shimnida]
she will drink water
그녀는 물을 마실 것입니다
[keunyeoneun mu-reul mashil geo-shimnida]
we will drink apple juice
우리는 사과주스를 마실 것입니다
[urineun sakwah-juseureul mashil geo-shimnida]
they will drink tea
그들은 차를 마실 것입니다
[keudeu-reun chareul mashil geo-shimnida]

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
[kwii]
eye
eye
[nun]
mouth
mouth
[ib]
nose
nose
[ko]
hair
hair
머리카락 [meori-garak]
face
face
얼굴 [eol-kul]
head
head
머리 [meori]
heart
heart
심장 [shimjang]
hand
hand
[son]
fingers
fingers
손가락 [sonkarak]
leg
leg
다리 [dari]
feet
feet
[bal]

Travel Phrases in Korean

Imagine yourself in some Korean speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Korean
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
저를 도와주실 수 있습니까?
[jeoreul dowah-jushil su issseumnikka?]
Can I help you?
도움이 필요하십니까?
[doumi pilyohashimnikka?]
Where is the airport?
공항은 어디에 있습니까?
[kong-hangeun eodi-e issseumnikka?]
Go straight
직진
[jikjin]
Then
그리고 나서
[keurigo naseo]
Turn left
좌회전
[jwahhweh-jeon]
Turn right
우회전
[uhweh-jeon]

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Korean was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Korean Vocabulary   Korean Vocabulary

Korean Audio   Korean Audio



Share

Inspirational Quote: Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do. Goethe