Korean Numbers

Welcome to the sixth Korean lesson about numbers. This time we will learn about cardinal and ordinal numbers, followed by grammar rules, then animal names, finally a conversation in Korean to help you practice your daily phrases. Click on the sound icon to hear the words.

Cardinal and Ordinal
Korean
Pronunciation
one
하나
[hana]
first
첫 번째
[cheot beon-chae]
two
[dul]
second
두 번째
[du beon-chae]
three
[ses]
third
세 번째
[se beon-chae]
four
[nes]
fourth
네 번째
[ne beon-chae]
five
다섯
[daseos]
fifth
다섯 번째
[daseos beon-chae]
six
여섯
[yeoseos]
sixth
여섯 번째
[yeoseos beon-chae]
seven
일곱
[il-kob]
seventh
일곱 번째
[il-kob beon-chae]
eight
여덟
[yeodeolb]
eighth
여덟 번째
[yeodeolb beon-chae]
nine
아홉
[ahob]
ninth
아홉 번째
[ahob beon-chae]
ten
[yeol]
tenth
열 번째
[yeol beon-chae]
eleven
열하나
[yeorhana]
eleventh
열한 번째
[yeorhan beon-chae]
twelve
열둘
[yeoldul]
twelfth
열두 번째
[yeoldu beon-chae]
thirteen
열셋
[yeol-ses]
thirteenth
열세 번째
[yeol-se beon-chae]
fourteen
열넷
[yeolnes]
once
한 번
[han beon]
fifteen
열다섯
[yeoldaseos]
twice
두 번
[du beon]
sixteen
열여섯
[yeolyeoseos]
Monday
월요일
[wolyoil]
seventeen
열일곱
[yeo-ril-kob]
Tuesday
화요일
[hwahyoil]
eighteen
열여덟
[yeolyeodeolb]
Wednesday
수요일
[suyoil]
nineteen
열아홉
[yeo-rahob]
Thursday
목요일
[mokyoil]
twenty
스물
[seumul]
Friday
금요일
[keumyoil]
seventy one
일흔 하나
[irheun hana]
Saturday
토요일
[toyoil]
one hundred
[baek]
Sunday
일요일
[ilyoil]

Numbers Grammar Rules

Korean cardinal numbers refer to the counting numbers, because they show quantity. For example: I speak two languages. Ordinal numbers on the other hand tell the order of things and their rank: my first language is Korean. The examples below use numbers in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Korean + Pronunciation
I have three dogs
[number + noun]
저는 개 세 마리를 키웁니다
[jeoneun gae se marireul gi-umnida]
my daughter has two cats
[number + noun]
제 딸은 고양이 두 마리를 키웁니다
[je tta-reun goyangi du marireul gi-umnida]
she speaks seven languages
[verb + number]
그녀는 일곱 개의 언어를 구사합니다
[keunyeoneun il-kob kaeye eoneoreul kusahamnida]
my brother has one son
[number + singular noun]
제 동생에게는 아들 하나가 있습니다
[je dongsaenge-ge-neun adeul hana-ga issseumnida]
this is my second lesson
[ordinal number + noun]
이것이 두 번째 레슨입니다
[igeo-shi du beon-chae reseunimnida]
did you read the third book?
[ordinal number + noun]
세 번째 책을 읽었습니까?
[se beon-chae chae-geurilgeossseumnikka?]

We're not done yet! The following is a list of animals.

cow
cow
암소 [amso]
goat
goat
염소 [yeomso]
donkey
donkey
당나귀 [dang-nakwii]
horse
horse
[mal]
dog
dog
[kae]
cat
cat
고양이 [koyangi]
mouse
mouse
[jwii]
bird
bird
[sae]

Conversation in Korean

Now we finally reach the last part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Korean
Pronunciation
Where are you from?
당신은 어디 출신입니까?
[tangshineun eodi- chul-shinimnikka?]
I'm from the U.S
저는 US에서 왔습니다
[jeoneun USeseo wah-ssseumnida]
I'm American
저는 미국인입니다
[jeoneun mikuginimnida]
Where do you live?
당신은 어디에 사십니까?
[tangshineun eodi-e sashimnikka?]
I live in the U.S
저는 US에 살고있습니다
[jeoneun USe sal-goissseumnida]
What do you do for a living?
당신의 직업은 무엇입니까?
[tangshinye jikeobeun mu-eoshimnikka?]
I'm a student
저는 학생입니다
[jeoneun haksaengimnida]

Did you enjoy this lesson about numbers in Korean? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Korean Gender   Korean Gender

Korean Phrases   Korean Phrases



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