Korean Nouns

Welcome to the third Korean lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Korean to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

potatoes
potatoes
감자 [kamja]
tomatoes
tomatoes
토마토 [tomato]
onions
onions
양파 [yangpa]
carrots
carrots
당근 [danggeun]
fruits
fruits
과일 [kwahil]
apples
apples
사과 [sakwah]
bananas
bananas
바나나 [banana]
oranges
oranges
오렌지 [orenji]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Korean + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
우유가 있습니까?
[uyuga issseumnikka?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
우유와 커피가 있습니다
[uyuwah keopi-ga issseumnida]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
그는 사과 세 개를 가지고 있습니다
[keuneun sakwah se kaereul kajigo issseumnida]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
그녀는 사과 한 개만 가지고 있습니다
[keunyeoneun sakwah han gae-man gajigo issseumnida]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
우리는 작은 집에서 삽니다
[urineun cha-geun jibeseo samnida]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
전 우리의 아침 식사를 좋아합니다
[jeon uriye achim shiksareul chowahamnida]

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread
[ppang]
milk
milk
우유 [uyu]
butter
butter
버터 [beoteo]
cheese
cheese
치즈 [chijeu]
coffee
coffee
커피 [keopi]
sandwich
sandwich
샌드위치 [saendeuwiichi]
meat
meat
고기 [ko-gi]
chicken
chicken
닭고기 [talggo-gi]
fish
fish
생선 [saengseon]
breakfast
breakfast
아침 식사 [achim shiksa]
lunch
lunch
점심 식사 [jeomshim shiksa]
dinner
dinner
저녁 식사 [jeonyeok shiksa]

Conversation in Korean

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Korean
Pronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Korean)?
당신은 (영어한국어)를 하십니까?
[tangshineun (yeongeo/ hankugeo)reul hashimnikka?]
Just a little
조금
[jo-geum]
I like Korean
난 한국어(한국)을 좋아합니다
[nan hankugeo(hankuk)eul chowahamnida]
Can I practice with you?
당신과 함께 연습할 수 있습니까?
[tangshinkwah hamkke yeonseubhal su issseumnikka?]
How old are you?
나이(연세)가 어떻게 되십니까?
[na-i(yeonse)ka eotteohke dwehshimnikka?]
I'm thirty three years old
저는 서른 살입니다.
[jeoneun seoreun sarimnida.]
It was nice talking to you
당신과 이야기를 나누어 즐거웠습니다
[tangshinkwah iyagireul nanu-eo jeul-keowossseumnida]

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Korean. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Korean Adjectives   Korean Adjectives

Korean Plural   Korean Plural



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