Kannada Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Kannada. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Kannada.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Kannada conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present TenseKannadaPronunciation
I speak Englishನಾನು ಇಂಗ್ಲೀಷ್ ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತೇನೆ[Nānu iṅglīṣ mātanāḍuttēne] Audio
you speak Frenchನೀನು ಫ್ರೆಂಚ್ ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತಿಯ [Nīnu phren̄c mātanāḍuttiya] Audio
he speaks Germanಅವನು ಜರ್ಮನ್ನ್ನಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತಾನೆ[Avanu jarmannnalli mātanāḍuttāne] Audio
she speaks Italianಆಕೆ ಇಟಾಲಿಯನ್ ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತಾಳೆ[Āke iṭāliyan mātanāḍuttāḷe] Audio
we speak Arabicನಾವು ಅರೆಬಿಕನಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತೇವೆ [Nāvu arebikanalli mātanāḍuttēve] Audio
they speak Chineseಅವರು ಚೈನಿಸಿನಲ್ಲಿ  ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತಾರೆ[Avaru cainisinalli mātanāḍuttāre] Audio

The past tense in Kannada conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past TenseKannadaPronunciation
I visited Franceನಾನು ಫ್ರಾನ್ಸ್ ಭೇಟಿ ಮಾಡಿದೆ [Nānu phrāns bhēṭi māḍide] Audio
you visited Italyನೀನು ಇಟಲಿಯನ್ನು ಭೇಟಿ ಮಾಡಿದೆ [Nīnu iṭaliyannu bhēṭi māḍide] Audio
he visited Moroccoಅವನು ಮೊರಾಕೊ ಭೇಟಿ ಮಾಡಿದನು [Avanu morāko bhēṭi māḍidanu] Audio
she visited Chinaಅವಳು ಚೀನಾ ಭೇಟಿ ಮಾಡಿದಳು [Avaḷu cīnā bhēṭi māḍidaḷu] Audio
we visited Mexicoನಾವು ಮೆಕ್ಸಿಕೋ ಭೇಟಿ ಮಾಡಿದೆವು [Nāvu meksikō bhēṭi māḍidevu] Audio
they visited Kenyaಅವರು ಕೀನ್ಯಾ ಭೇಟಿ ಮಾಡಿದರು [Avaru kīn'yā bhēṭi māḍidaru] Audio

The future tense in Kannada conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future TenseKannadaPronunciation
I will drink milkನಾನು ಹಾಲು ಕುಡಿಯುತ್ತೇನೆ [Nānu hālu kuḍiyuttēne] Audio
you will drink coffeeನೀವು ಕಾಫಿಯನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವಿರಿ [Nīvu kāphiyannu kuḍiyuviri] Audio
he will drink teaಅವನು ಟೀ ಕುಡಿಯುವನು[Avanu ṭī kuḍiyuvanu] Audio
she will drink waterಅವಳು ನೀರನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವಳು [Avaḷu nīrannu kuḍiyuvaḷu] Audio
we will drink apple juiceನಾವು ಸೇಬು ರಸವನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವೆವು [Nāvu sēbu rasavannu kuḍiyuvevu] Audio
they will drink teaಅವರು ಚಹಾವನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವರು [Avaru cahāvannu kuḍiyuvaru] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
ಕಿವಿ [Kivi]
eye
eye Audio
ಕಣ್ಣು [Kaṇṇu]
mouth
mouth Audio
ಬಾಯಿ [Bāyi]
nose
nose Audio
ಮೂಗು [Mūgu]
hair
hair Audio
ಕೂದಲು [Kūdalu]
face
face Audio
ಮುಖ [Mukha]
head
head Audio
ತಲೆ [Tale]
heart
heart Audio
ಹೃದಯ [Hr̥daya]
hand
hand Audio
ಕೈ [Kai]
fingers
fingers Audio
ಬೆರಳುಗಳು [Beraḷugaḷu]
leg
leg Audio
ಕಾಲು [Kālu]
feet
feet Audio
ಪಾದ [Pāda]

Travel Phrases in Kannada

Imagine yourself in some Kannada speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

EnglishKannadaPronunciation
Can you help me?ನೀವು ನಮಗೆ ಸಹಾಯ ಮಾಡುವಿರ[Nīvu namage sahāya māḍuvira] Audio
Can I help you?ನಾನು ನಿಮಗೆ ಸಹಾಯ ಮಾಡಬಹುದೇ[Nānu nimage sahāya māḍabahudē] Audio
Where is the airport?ವಿಮಾನ ನಿಲ್ದಾಣ ಎಲ್ಲಿ[Vimāna nildāṇa elli] Audio
Go straightನೇರಕ್ಕೆ ಹೋಗಿ[Nērakke hōgi] Audio
Thenಆಮೇಲೆ[Āmēle] Audio
Turn leftಎಡಕ್ಕೆ ತಿರುಗಿ[Eḍakke tirugi] Audio
Turn rightಬಲಕ್ಕೆ ತಿರುಗಿ[Balakke tirugi] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Kannada was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Kannada Vocabulary       Kannada Vocabulary

Kannada Audio       Kannada Audio


Inspirational Quote: Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do. Goethe

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