Hindi Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Hindi. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Hindi.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Hindi conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Hindi
Pronunciation
I speak English
मैं अंग्रेजी बोलता(m) /बोलती (f) हूँ |
[main angareji boltaa(m) /bolti (f) hun |] Audio
you speak French
तुम/ आप ( you) फ्रेंच बोलते हो /हैं |
[tum/ aap ( you) frenk bolte ho /hain |] Audio
he speaks German
वह जर्मन बोलता है |
[vh jrmn boltaa hai |] Audio
she speaks Italian
वह इतालवी बोलती है |
[vh itaalvi bolti hai |] Audio
we speak Arabic
हम अरबी (भाषा )बोलते हैं
[hm arbi (bhaasaa )bolte hain] Audio
they speak Chinese
वे चीनी(भाषा ) बोलते हैं |
[ve kini(bhaasaa ) bolte hain |] Audio

The past tense in Hindi conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Hindi
Pronunciation
I visited France
मैने फ्रांस का दौरा किया |
[maine fraans kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
you visited Italy
आपने इटली का दौरा किया |
[aapne itli kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
he visited Morocco
उसने मोरक्को का दौरा किया |
[usne morkko kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
she visited China
उसने चीन का दौरा किया |
[usne kin kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
we visited Mexico
हमने मेक्सिको का दौरा किया |
[hmne meksiko kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
they visited Kenya
उन्होनें केन्या का दौरा किया |
[unhonen kenyaa kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio

The future tense in Hindi conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Hindi
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
मैं दूध पीना पीऊँगा |
[main dudh pinaa pioongaaa |] Audio
you will drink coffee
तुम/ आप कॉफी पीना चाहता हो /हैं |
[tum/ aap kofi pinaa kaahtaa ho /hain |] Audio
he will drink tea
वह चाय पीएगा |
[vh kaay piegaaa |] Audio
she will drink water
वह पानी पीने पीयेगी |
[vh paani pine piyegai |] Audio
we will drink apple juice
हम सेब का रस पीना चाहेंगे |
[hm seb kaa rs pinaa kaahengae |] Audio
they will drink tea
वे चाय पीना चाहेंगे |
[ve kaay pinaa kaahengae |] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
कान [kaan]
eye
eye Audio
आंख [aankh]
mouth
mouth Audio
मुंह [munh]
nose
nose Audio
नाक [naak]
hair
hair Audio
बाल [baal]
face
face Audio
चेहरा [kehraa]
head
head Audio
सिर [sir]
heart
heart Audio
ह्रदय, दिल [hrdy, dil]
hand
hand Audio
हाथ [haath]
fingers
fingers Audio
उंगलियाँ  [ungaliyaan]
leg
leg Audio
पैर [pair]
feet
feet Audio
पैर [pair]

Travel Phrases in Hindi

Imagine yourself in some Hindi speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Hindi
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
क्या आप मेरी मदद कर सकते (m) / सकती (f) हैं?
[kyaa aap meri mdd kr skte (m) / skti (f) hain?] Audio
Can I help you?
क्या मैं आपकी मदद कर सकता (m) / सकती (f) हूँ?
[kyaa main aapki mdd kr sktaa (m) / skti (f) hun?] Audio
Where is the airport?
हवाई अड्डा कहाँ है?
[hvaai addaa khaan hai?] Audio
Go straight
सीधे जाइये |
[sidhe jaaiye |] Audio
Then
फिर
[fir] Audio
Turn left
बाएँ मुङिये |
[baaen mungiye |] Audio
Turn right
दाहिने मुङिये |
[daahine mungiye |] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Hindi was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Hindi Vocabulary   Hindi Vocabulary

Hindi Audio   Hindi Audio



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