Welcome to the fifth Hindi lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Hindi to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
|Grammar + Rules - Hindi + Pronunciation|
|my son is a student|
[masculine + noun] मेरा बेटा एक छात्र है | [meraa betaa ek chaatr hai |]
|her daughter is a student|
[feminine + noun] उसकी बेटी के एक छात्रा है | [uski beti ke ek chaatraa hai |]
|he has a tall brother|
[adjective + masculine] उसका एक लंबा भाई है | [uskaa ek lnbaa bhaai hai |]
|she has a tall sister|
[adjective + feminine] उसकी एक लम्बी बहन है | [uski ek lmbi bhn hai |]
|his brothers are young|
[plural masculine + adjective] उसके भाई युवा हैं | [uske bhaai yuvaa hain |]
|his sisters are young|
[plural feminine + adjective] उसकी बहनें जवान हैं | [uski bhnen jvaan hain |]
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
पुत्र, बेटा [putr, betaa]
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Hindi, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.
|English - Hindi - Pronunciation|
|What do you mean? तुम्हें क्या मतलब है? [tumhen kyaa mtlb hai?]|
|I don't understand मैं नहीं समझा | (m)/समझी | (f) [main nhin smjhaa | (m)/smjhi | (f)]|
|I don't know मुझे नहीं मालूम | [mujhe nhin maalum |]|
|What is that called in Hindi? उसे हिन्दी में क्या कहते हैं? [use hindi men kyaa khte hain?]|
|What is this? यह क्या है? [yh kyaa hai?]|
|What does that word mean in English? इस शब्द का हिन्दी में अर्थ क्या है? [is shbd kaa hindi men arth kyaa hai?]|
|Sorry (if you made a mistake) माफ कीजिये!! [maaf kijiye!!]|
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