Georgian Gender

Welcome to the fifth Georgian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Georgian to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man Audio
კაცი [k'atsi]
woman Audio
ქალი [kali]
husband Audio
ქმარი [kmari]
wife Audio
ცოლი [tsoli]
boy Audio
ბიჭი [bich'i]
girl Audio
გოგო [gogo]
father Audio
მამა [mama]
mother Audio
დედა [deda]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Georgian + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
ჩემი ვაჟი არის სტუდენტი Audio
[chemi vazhi aris st'udent'i]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
მისი ქალიშვილი არის სტუდენტი Audio
[misi kalishvili aris st'udent'i]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
მას ჰყავს მაღალი ძმა Audio
[mas hqavs maghali dzma]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
მასჰყავს მაღალი და Audio
[mashqavs maghali da]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
მისი ძმები უმცროსები არიან Audio
[misi dzmebi umtsrosebi arian]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
მისი დები უმცროსები არიან Audio
[misi debi umtsrosebi arian]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son Audio
ვაჟი [vazhi]
daughter Audio
ქალიშვილი [kalishvili]
brother Audio
ძმა [dzma]
sister Audio
და [da]
grandfather Audio
პაპა [p'ap'a]
grandmother Audio
ბებია [bebia]
child Audio
ბავშვი [bavshvi]
children Audio
ბავშვები [bavshvebi]

Expressions in Georgian

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Georgian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

What do you mean?
რას გულისხმობ?
[ras guliskhmob?] Audio
I don't understand
ვერ გავიგე!
[ver gavige!] Audio
I don't know
არ ვიცი!
[ar vitsi!] Audio
What is that called in Georgian?
როგორ არის ეს ქართულად?
[rogor aris es qartulad?] Audio
What is this?
რა არის ეს?
[ra aris es?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
რას ნიშნავს ეს სიტყვა ინგლისურად?
[ras nishnavs es sit'qva inglisurad?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
[map'at'iet!] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Georgian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Georgian Plural   Georgian Plural

Georgian Numbers   Georgian Numbers


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