Estonian Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Estonian. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Estonian.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Estonian conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Estonian
I speak English
ma räägin inglise keelt Audio
you speak French
te räägite prantsuse keelt Audio
he speaks German
ta räägib saksa keelt Audio
she speaks Italian
ta räägib itaalia keelt Audio
we speak Arabic
me räägime araabia keelt Audio
they speak Chinese
nad räägivad hiina keelt Audio

The past tense in Estonian conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Estonian
I visited France
ma käisin prantsusmaal Audio
you visited Italy
te käisite itaalias Audio
he visited Morocco
ta käis marokos Audio
she visited China
ta käis hiinas Audio
we visited Mexico
me käisime mehhikos Audio
they visited Kenya
nad käisid keenias Audio

The future tense in Estonian conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Estonian
I will drink milk
ma joon piima Audio
you will drink coffee
sa jood kohvi Audio
he will drink tea
ta joob teed Audio
she will drink water
ta joob vett Audio
we will drink apple juice
me joome õunamahla Audio
they will drink tea
nad joovad teed Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
kõrv
eye
eye Audio
silm
mouth
mouth Audio
suu
nose
nose Audio
nina
hair
hair Audio
juuksed
face
face Audio
nägu
head
head Audio
pea
heart
heart Audio
süda
hand
hand Audio
käsi
fingers
fingers Audio
sõrmed
leg
leg Audio
jalg
feet
feet Audio
jalad

Travel Phrases in Estonian

Imagine yourself in some Estonian speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Estonian
Can you help me?
kas saaksite mind aidata? Audio
Can I help you?
kas saan teid aidata? Audio
Where is the airport?
kus on lennujaam? Audio
Go straight
minge otse Audio
Then
siis Audio
Turn left
pöörake vasakule Audio
Turn right
pöörake paremale Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Estonian was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Estonian Vocabulary   Estonian Vocabulary

Estonian Audio   Estonian Audio



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