Welcome to the fifth Estonian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Estonian to help you practice your daily phrases.
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
|Grammar + Rules - Estonian|
|my son is a student|
[masculine + noun] mu poeg on üliõpilane
|her daughter is a student|
[feminine + noun] ta tütar on üliõpilane
|he has a tall brother|
[adjective + masculine] tal on pikk vend
|she has a tall sister|
[adjective + feminine] tal on pikk õde
|his brothers are young|
[plural masculine + adjective] tema vennad on noored
|his sisters are young|
[plural feminine + adjective] tema õed on noored
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Estonian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.
|English - Estonian|
|What do you mean? mida te selle all mõtlete?|
|I don't understand ma ei saa aru|
|I don't know ma ei tea|
|What is that called in Estonian? kuidas seda eesti keeles nimetatakse?|
|What is this? mis see on?|
|What does that word mean in English? mida see sõna inglise keeles tähendab?|
|Sorry (if you made a mistake) vabandust!|
I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Estonian. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. To see the full menu, you can also click on the "Menu" icon on the left side.
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