Estonian Gender

Welcome to the fifth Estonian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Estonian to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man Audio
mees
woman
woman Audio
naine
husband
husband Audio
abikaasa
wife
wife Audio
abikaasa
boy
boy Audio
poiss
girl
girl Audio
tüdruk
father
father Audio
isa
mother
mother Audio
ema

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Estonian
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
mu poeg on üliõpilane Audio
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
ta tütar on üliõpilane Audio
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
tal on pikk vend Audio
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
tal on pikk õde Audio
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
tema vennad on noored Audio
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
tema õed on noored Audio

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
poeg
daughter
daughter Audio
tütar
brother
brother Audio
vend
sister
sister Audio
õde
grandfather
grandfather Audio
vanaisa
grandmother
grandmother Audio
vanaema
child
child Audio
laps
children
children Audio
lapsed

Expressions in Estonian

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Estonian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Estonian
What do you mean?
mida te selle all mõtlete? Audio
I don't understand
ma ei saa aru Audio
I don't know
ma ei tea Audio
What is that called in Estonian?
kuidas seda eesti keeles nimetatakse? Audio
What is this?
mis see on? Audio
What does that word mean in English?
mida see sõna inglise keeles tähendab? Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
vabandust! Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Estonian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Estonian Plural   Estonian Plural

Estonian Numbers   Estonian Numbers



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