Estonian Plural

Welcome to the fourth Estonian lesson about the plural. This time we will learn about the singular form and what it looks like in the plural, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of emergency phrases.

book
book Audio
raamat
books
books Audio
raamatud
car
car Audio
auto
cars
cars Audio
autod
tree
tree Audio
puu
trees
trees Audio
puud
flower
flower Audio
lill
flowers
flowers Audio
lilled

Plural Grammar Rules

The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language]. The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look when converted from their singular form.

Grammar + Rules
Estonian
I speak one language
[singular form]
ma räägin ühte keelt Audio
we speak three languages
[plural noun]
me räägime kolme keelt Audio
he visits many countries
[adverb + plural noun]
ta külastab paljusid riike Audio
they are happy now
[plural pronoun]
nad on nüüd õnnelikud Audio
she has five red shoes
[adjective + plural noun]
tal on viis punast kinga Audio
I want a sandwich without onions
[preposition + plural noun]
ma tahan ilma sibulata võileiba Audio

The following is a list of examples showing both the singular and plural form. This demonstrates how the plural is used with humans, objects and animals.

woman
woman Audio
naine
women
women Audio
naised
man
man Audio
mees
men
men Audio
mehed
house
house Audio
maja
houses
houses Audio
majad
cup
country Audio
tass
cups
countries Audio
tassid
cow
cow Audio
lehm
cows
cows Audio
lehmad
horse
horse Audio
hobune
horses
horses Audio
hobused

Emergency Phrases

Now it's time to practice your Estonian by looking at these phrases which are related to emergencies. Be prepared when traveling abroad, just in case you need help or by offering help to someone else. I recommend writing these expressions down on a notebook before traveling.

English
Estonian
Help
appi! Audio
Call the ambulance
kutsuge kiirabi! Audio
I need a doctor
mul on arsti vaja Audio
Where is the closest pharmacy?
kus on lähim apteek? Audio
Are you okay?
kas teiega on kõik korras? Audio
I am sick
ma tunnen end halvasti Audio
Call the police
kutsuge politsei! Audio

Did you enjoy this lesson about the plural in Estonian? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Estonian Nouns   Estonian Nouns

Estonian Gender   Estonian Gender



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