Xhosa Plural

Welcome to the fourth Xhosa lesson about the plural. This time we will learn about the singular form and what it looks like in the plural, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of emergency phrases.

book
book Audio
incwadi
books
books Audio
iincwadi
car
car Audio
imoto
cars
cars Audio
iimoto
tree
tree Audio
umthi
trees
trees Audio
imithi
flower
flower Audio
intyatyambo
flowers
flowers Audio
iintyatyambo

Plural Grammar Rules

The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language]. The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look wehn converted from their singular form.

Grammar + Rules
Xhosa
I speak one language
[singular form]
ndithetha ulwimi olunye Audio
we speak three languages
[plural noun]
Sithetha iilwimi ezintathu Audio
he visits many countries
[adverb + plural noun]
utyelela amazwe amaninzi Audio
they are happy now
[plural pronoun]
bonwabile ngoku Audio
she has five red shoes
[adjective + plural noun]
unezihlangu ezintlanu ezibomvu Audio
I want a sandwich without onions
[preposition + plural noun]
ndifuna isamintshi engenatswele Audio

The following is a list of examples showing both the singular and plural form. This demonstrates how the plural is used with humans, objects and animals.

woman
woman Audio
umfazi
women
women Audio
abafazi
man
man Audio
indoda
men
men Audio
amadoda
house
house Audio
indlu
houses
houses Audio
izindlu
cup
country Audio
ikomityi
cups
countries Audio
iikomityi
cow
cow Audio
inkomo
cows
cows Audio
iinkomo
horse
horse Audio
ihashe
horses
horses Audio
amahashe

Emergency Phrases

Now it's time to practice your Xhosa by looking at these phrases which are related to emergencies. Be prepared when traveling abroad, just in case you need help or by offering help to someone else. I recommend writing these expressions down on a notebook before traveling.

English
Xhosa
Help
nceda Audio
Call the ambulance
biza inqwelo yezigulani Audio
I need a doctor
ndifuna ugqirha Audio
Where is the closest pharmacy?
iphi indawo ethengisa amayeza ekufutshane? Audio
Are you okay?
uphilile? Audio
I am sick
Ndiyagula Audio
Call the police
biza amapolisa Audio

Did you enjoy this lesson about the plural in Xhosa? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Xhosa Nouns   Xhosa Nouns

Xhosa Gender   Xhosa Gender



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